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Phase II Pazopanib Study in Advanced Dermatofibrosarcomas

2014-08-27 03:16:15 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In relation to the activation of PDGF-mediated signalization due to the fusion gene COL1A1-PDGFb in DFSP, imatinib (800mg/day) has shown activity in advanced DFSP and has became the reference treatment option for these patients. Yet the activity observed does not allow for a downstaging compatible with successful resection in a number of patients and does not prevent subsequent tumour progression in case of residual tumour.Pazopanib in relation to 1) its multi tyrosine kinase inhibiting activity (VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, PDGFR-α, PDGFR-β and c-kit with IC50 values of 10, 30, 47, 71, 84, and 74 nM, respectively) involving in particular PDGFR, and VEGFR which has been shown to be activated in DFSP, 2) its antitumour activity in sarcomas patients, and 3) its acceptable safety profile, is a logical candidate for therapeutic trials in DFSP both in patients not expected to derive a sufficient benefit from imatinib and in patients failing imatinib mesylate. Moreover, using quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry we have recently demonstrated high levels of VEGF and VEGFR2 expression in dermatofibrosarcoma.

Description

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberance (DFSP) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma of intermediate malignant potential. Treatment relies on a wide local excision with negative margin and with frequent need of reconstructive surgery. A translocation between chromosomes 17 and 22 that places the platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGFB) under the control of the collagen 1A1 promoter is present in > 90 % of the cases leading to an up regulation of PDGF-β expression and activation of the tyrosinase kinase PDGFRβ. Imatinib mesylate has been approved in unresectable and metastatic DFSP due to its activity on PDGFR. This study will evaluate the benefit of pazopanib, a multikinase inhibitor in advanced DFSP. Administration of pazopanib per os 800mg/ qd during 6 months until stable response according to primary endpoint , and for a period of study not exceeding one year.In case of progression evaluated according to the primary endpoint after a period of treatment superior to one month, or in the absence of response at 3 months, the patient will be withdrawn from study, in order to get alternative therapeutics. These patients will be considered as failures for analysis. After a 6-month treatment period, and reaching a stable response, treatment continuation decision will be based on the operability of patients.

Administration of pazopanib per os 800mg/ qd during 6 months until stable response according to primary endpoint, with 3 monthly successive examinations, and for a period of study not exceeding 18 months.In case of progression evaluated according to the primary endpoint after a period of treatment superior to one month, or in the absence of response at 3 months, the patient will be withdrawn from study, in order to get alternative therapeutics. These patients will be considered as failures for analysis. After a 6-month treatment period, and reaching a stable response, treatment continuation decision will be based on the operability of patients Statistical analysis : The trial has been planned using a one-stage design (Fleming TR. Et al) Analysis of the main endpoint will rely on a one-sided binomial test comparing the observed response rate to the expected response rate under the null hypothesis . The type I error rate is fixed at 0.025.For the main endpoint, a point estimate and a two-sided 90% confidence interval will be presented, which will be consistent with the one-sided test at a 0.025 level. For secondary endpoints, point estimates and 95% confidence intervals will be presented.We intend to estimate the probability of tumour size reduction of at least 30%. The sample size was calculated by FLEMMING method : Ho will be defined by a RR ≤20% (decrease in tumour size of at least 30%) , H1 , response rate, 26 patients must be included in order to demonstrate an efficacy as defined by a RR≥50%, with a 90% power and alfa 2.5% one side.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Dermatofibrosarcomas of DARIER FERRAND(DFSP)

Intervention

Pazopanib

Location

Hôpital Saint-Louis - Service de Dermatologie (Pole POPS)
Paris
France
75010

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:15-0400

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PubMed Articles [40 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

PDGFB Rearrangements in Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans of the Vulva: A Study of 11 Cases Including Myxoid and Fibrosarcomatous Variants.

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Novel mutations in Darier disease and association to self-reported disease severity.

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Pazopanib Exposure Relationship with Clinical Efficacy and Safety in the Adjuvant Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Separation of the prickle cells of the stratum spinosum of the epidermis, resulting in atrophy of the prickle cell layer. It is seen in diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris (see PEMPHIGUS) and DARIER DISEASE.

An autosomal dominantly inherited skin disorder characterized by recurrent eruptions of vesicles and BULLAE mainly on the neck, axillae, and groin. Mutations in the ATP2C1 gene (encoding the secretory pathway Ca2++/Mn2++ ATPase 1 (SPCA1)) cause this disease. It is clinically and histologically similar to DARIER DISEASE - both have abnormal, unstable DESMOSOMES between KERATINOCYTES and defective CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES. It is unrelated to PEMPHIGUS VULGARIS though it closely resembles that disease.

An autosomal dominantly inherited skin disorder characterized by warty malodorous papules that coalesce into plaques. It is caused by mutations in the ATP2A2 gene encoding SERCA2 protein, one of the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES. The condition is similar, clinically and histologically, to BENIGN FAMILIAL PEMPHIGUS, another autosomal dominant skin disorder. Both diseases have defective calcium pumps (CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES) and unstable desmosomal adhesion junctions (DESMOSOMES) between KERATINOCYTES.

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