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Anti-migraine drugs, including triptans, are not indicated for use in pregnancy. However, the peak prevalence of migraine is in women of childbearing age. This, coupled with the sporadic nature of migraine attacks and high rates of unplanned pregnancies, makes unintentional exposure to anti-migraine medications during pregnancy likely. Prior to an anti-migraine medication being marketed there are few data available on drug safety in pregnancy: data from animal models may not translate directly to humans and pregnant women are routinely excluded from clinical trials. The Sumatriptan Pregnancy Registry was established by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) in 1996 to monitor the safety of sumatriptan during pregnancy. It was combined with the Naratriptan Pregnancy Registry in 2001 and data collection on the sumatriptan-naproxen combination (Treximet) began in 2008.
The Sumatriptan, Naratriptan and Treximet Pregnancy Registry aims to assess whether there is a substantial increase in the risk of major congenital malformations (MCMs) following in utero exposure to those anti-migraine medications. Exposure during the first trimester is of primary interest as this represents the period of organogenesis.
The Registry is a primarily prospective enrolment and follow-up study. Patients exposed to sumatriptan, naratriptan, or the sumatriptan-naproxen combination during pregnancy, are enrolled, on a voluntary basis, by their healthcare provider. Enrolment is encouraged early in pregnancy and if possible prior to any prenatal testing. The healthcare provider provides initial information concerning patient demographics; details of the pregnancy including the estimated delivery date and results of any prenatal testing; and the timing, dosage, route of delivery (e.g. oral, subcutaneous, intranasal) of drug exposure in pregnancy. The registry accepts exposure reports from anywhere in the world. Within the United States (US) the healthcare provider can contact the registry using a toll free number. Outside of the US enrolments are made through the GlaxoSmithKline local operating company.
Close to the estimated date of delivery the healthcare provider is contacted by the Registry to provide follow up information concerning the pregnancy outcome (live or still birth, spontaneous or induced abortion), the presence or absence of a MCM, and the history of headache and exposure to sumatriptan, naratriptan or the sumatriptan-naproxen combination during pregnancy. Up to six attempts are made to contact the healthcare provider to obtain pregnancy outcome information. After six attempts, the record is closed as lost to follow up.
Pregnancy outcomes are classified as outcomes with MCMs, outcomes without MCMs and spontaneous abortions. The outcomes with and without MCMs are further classified as live births, stillbirths/fetal deaths and induced abortions. Spontaneous abortions are reported separately due to potential for inconsistent identification of malformations in that situation.
It is beyond the scope of the Registry to consistently access pediatric evaluations and medical records. For this reason the main outcome is restricted to major congenital malformations that are external and recognizable in the delivery room or shortly after birth. To provide consistency, reported congenital malformations are classified as major or minor according to criteria used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP). All malformation reports are reviewed and classified by a paediatrician from the CDC and further information is requested as necessary.
Analyses are restricted to prospectively enrolled pregnancies (enrolment prior to knowledge of the birth outcome). Retrospectively enrolled pregnancies are reviewed for patterns of malformation types, but are not included in formal analyses as retrospective reporting can be biased towards more unusual and severe outcomes and are less likely to be representative of the general population experience.
The proportion of infants with MCMs among prospectively reported exposures is calculated as: the total number of outcomes with major birth defects (number of outcomes with major birth defects + the number of live births without defects).
All spontaneous pregnancy losses, as well as induced abortions and fetal deaths without reported defects, are excluded from the denominator due to the potential for inconsistent identification of malformations in those situations. The 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for risk estimates are calculated using exact methods based on the binomial distribution.
Analyses are stratified according to trimester of exposure (with the second trimester starting at week 14 and the third trimester at week 28 of gestation) for each anti-migraine of interest. If an individual is exposed to multiple drugs of interest during pregnancy, the exposure is included in analyses for each drug of interest.
The registry does not have an internal comparator group, but descriptive comparisons are made with MCM rates from general population studies in the literature.
Prospective reports are also reviewed to detect any unusual patterns of malformation types that may warrant further investigation.
The data from the Sumatriptan, Naratriptan and Treximet Pregnancy Registry are reviewed, and conclusions developed, by an independent scientific advisory committee. A semi-annual interim report summarizing aggregate data is provided to disseminate information on a regular basis.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Sumatriptan, Sumatriptan-naproxen combination, Naratriptan
Active, not recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:10:54-0400
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