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Prospective Controlled Study Evaluating Cryocontact Therapy of Infantile Hemangiomas of Preterm Infants

2014-07-23 21:10:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Prospective controlled study evaluating cryocontact therapy of infantile hemangiomas of preterm infants

Principal investigator: Rangmar Goelz, MD Coworkers: M Möhrle, M Moll, HM Häfner, W Schippert, C Meisner, M Röcken, CF Poets

Background Despite their frequent occurrence, there is no established therapeutic procedure for localized infantile hemangioma in preterm infants. A PubMed search with the key words hemangioma, controlled study, infant or childhood revealed five studies (1-5), none of them included preterm infants, even though low birth weight and prematurity have been described as the most significant risk factors

Aim:

To evaluate cryocontact therapy of infantile hemangioma (IH) of 1 - 10 mm diameter in preterm infants <=34 weeks of gestational age (GA) using a liquid nitrogen cooled metal at the Department of Neonatology at the Tuebingen University Hospital.

Method:

In a prospective controlled study, preterm infants <= 34 weeks GA with at least 2 IH should be randomized to have one treated with cryocontact therapy using a liquid nitrogen cooled metal (-196°C), while the other one is left untreated. Primary endpoint is an intact skin at the site of the hemangioma at 1 year corrected age . The study starts at August 1st, 2004. Cryocontact is done by 3 trained dermatologist (MM, HMH, WS), outcome documentation, including photodocumentation, by 2 neonatologist (RG, MoMo).

Statistical Analysis: A sample size of 25 intrapersonal pairs of treated and untreated IH is needed to show a significant difference with alpha=0.05 and beta=0.9 between treated IH and controls, assuming that 5% of the treated IH and 40% of the controls have an unsuccessful primary outcome. Documentation will be made on standardized forms and the data will be transferred to Excel. Biometric calculations will be handled with SAS 9.1.3. for Windows using Fisher´s Exact Test for difference in proportions.

Ethics:

The study is approved by the Ethics Committee of Tuebingen University Hospital; all parents must give written informed consent.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Hemangioma of Preterm Infants

Intervention

cryocontact therapy, Control

Status

Terminated

Source

University Hospital Tuebingen

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:10:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A severe, sometimes fatal, disorder of adipose tissue occurring chiefly in preterm or debilitated infants suffering from an underlying illness and manifested by a diffuse, nonpitting induration of the affected tissue. The skin becomes cold, yellowish, mottled, and inflexible.

A benign neoplasm of pneumocytes, cells of the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. Originally considered to be vascular in origin, it is now classified as an epithelial tumor with several elements, including solid cellular areas, papillary structure, sclerotic regions, and dilated blood-filled spaces resembling HEMANGIOMA.

A dull red, firm, dome-shaped hemangioma, sharply demarcated from surrounding skin, usually located on the head and neck, which grows rapidly and generally undergoes regression and involution without scarring. It is caused by proliferation of immature capillary vessels in active stroma, and is usually present at birth or occurs within the first two or three months of life. (Dorland, 27th ed)

A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.

Treatment using irradiation with LASER light of low power intensity so that the effects are not due to heat, as in LASER THERAPY. These non-thermal effects are thought to be mediated by a photochemical reaction that alters CELL MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY, leading to increased mRNA synthesis and CELL PROLIFERATION. Low-level laser therapy has been used for a wide variety of conditions, but most frequently for wound healing and pain control.

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