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Effects of Tracheal Tube Size on Pulmonary Aspiration

2014-08-27 03:16:16 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Fluid leak around the cuff is minimized when the endotracheal tube size is small relative to the size of the trachea. In the current study, the investigators assess the influence of different HVLP endotracheal tube size on fluid leakage around the cuff in a benchtop model and in anesthetized patients.

Description

The use of a high-volume and low-pressure (HVLP) endotracheal cuff has reduced the cuff-induced tracheal damage because the cuff conforms passively to tracheal contours as it expands during inflation and the cuff inflation pressure is assumed to be equal to cuff-to-trachea pressure. However, longitudinal folds of a HVLP cuff occur on inflation within the trachea, as the diameter of the cuff is greater than that of the trachea, and these folds provide channels for an aspiration or gas leakage.

Silent aspiration of upper airway secretions has been reported in patients undergoing general anesthesia and in the intensive care unit (ICU). A previous study reported the 83% aspiration of subglottic dye detected by bronchoscopy in anesthetized patients, and other study of intubated patients with HVLP cuffs in the ICU showed 87% aspiration rate.

Intubation-related (ventilator associated pneumonia) pneumonia is a leading cause of prolongation of hospital stay, mortality and morbidity during the postoperative period and in the ICU. Therefore, it is important to achieve a better seal around the cuff without tracheal damage, which would reduce the incidence of pneumonia in intubated patients.

A previous benchtop study demonstrated that the leak around the cuff is minimized when the endotracheal tube size is small relative to the size of the trachea. In the current study, we assess the influence of different HVLP endotracheal tube size on fluid leakage around the cuff in a benchtop model and in anesthetized patients.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

The Reduction of Aspiration Rate in Intubated Patients

Intervention

Observation of fluid leakage around tracheal tube cuffs

Location

Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
Gyeonggi-do
Korea, Republic of
463-707

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Seoul National University Bundang Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:16-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the external auditory meatus or through the eustachian tube into the nasopharynx. This is usually associated with CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE involving the TEMPORAL BONE;), NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES; or other conditions, but may rarely occur spontaneously. (From Am J Otol 1995 Nov;16(6):765-71)

Leakage and accumulation of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID in the subdural space which may be associated with an infectious process; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; INTRACRANIAL HYPOTENSION; and other conditions.

The act of regarding attentively and studying facts and occurrences, gathering data through analyzing, measuring, and drawing conclusions, with the purpose of applying the observed information to theoretical assumptions. Observation as a scientific method in the acquisition of knowledge began in classical antiquity; in modern science and medicine its greatest application is facilitated by modern technology. Observation is one of the components of the research process.

A tube of ectodermal tissue in an embryo that will give rise to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, including the SPINAL CORD and the BRAIN. Lumen within the neural tube is called neural canal which gives rise to the central canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain. For malformation of the neural tube, see NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS.

Fluid accumulation within the PERICARDIUM. Serous effusions are associated with pericardial diseases. Hemopericardium is associated with trauma. Lipid-containing effusion (chylopericardium) results from leakage of THORACIC DUCT. Severe cases can lead to CARDIAC TAMPONADE.

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