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Influence of Ultrasonographic Hydro-dissection With Glucose 5% on Nerve Block Efficiency

2014-08-27 03:16:19 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The real-time visualization of a needle and nerve during an ultrasound-guided nerve block can be challenging. These difficulties may partly explain the systemic complications of local anesthetics under ultrasound. Injection of small amounts of a solution around the anesthetized nerve (hydro-dissection) has been proposed to enhance contrast outlining its borders and also to improve the visualization of the needle tip. The glucose solution 5% solution is interesting because it allows, unlike saline, to maintain the motor response with neurostimulation. The hydro-dissection can be particularly useful when one suspect hypoechoic vessels near the nerve to be anesthetized. Thereby, the nerve well demarcated and separated from the vessels, injection of local anesthetic is performed in the circumferential diffusion space (like a small pocket) without redirecting needle.

The influence of this hydro-dissection on the nerve block efficiency is unknown. The nerve block quality can be improved because the entire anesthetic is injected in contact with the nerve, but it can also be reduced due to the dilution of the local anesthetic by the glucose solution.

In this randomized study, the investigators test the hypothesis that hydro-dissection does not alter the nerve block onset time.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Nerve Block

Intervention

median nerve block, median nerve block after hydro-dissection

Location

Hôpital Privé de l'Ouest Parisien
Trappes
France
78190

Status

Recruiting

Source

Hopital Foch

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:19-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.

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