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The real-time visualization of a needle and nerve during an ultrasound-guided nerve block can be challenging. These difficulties may partly explain the systemic complications of local anesthetics under ultrasound. Injection of small amounts of a solution around the anesthetized nerve (hydro-dissection) has been proposed to enhance contrast outlining its borders and also to improve the visualization of the needle tip. The glucose solution 5% solution is interesting because it allows, unlike saline, to maintain the motor response with neurostimulation. The hydro-dissection can be particularly useful when one suspect hypoechoic vessels near the nerve to be anesthetized. Thereby, the nerve well demarcated and separated from the vessels, injection of local anesthetic is performed in the circumferential diffusion space (like a small pocket) without redirecting needle.
The influence of this hydro-dissection on the nerve block efficiency is unknown. The nerve block quality can be improved because the entire anesthetic is injected in contact with the nerve, but it can also be reduced due to the dilution of the local anesthetic by the glucose solution.
In this randomized study, the investigators test the hypothesis that hydro-dissection does not alter the nerve block onset time.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
median nerve block, median nerve block after hydro-dissection
Hôpital Privé de l'Ouest Parisien
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:19-0400
Observational study of the efficacy of median nerve blocks performed using echographic guidance in patients presenting with or without carpal tunnel syndrome.
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Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.
Disease involving the median nerve, from its origin at the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical features include weakness of wrist and finger flexion, forearm pronation, thenar abduction, and loss of sensation over the lateral palm, first three fingers, and radial half of the ring finger. Common sites of injury include the elbow, where the nerve passes through the two heads of the pronator teres muscle (pronator syndrome) and in the carpal tunnel (CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME).
Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.
Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)
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