Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This is a prospective, single arm, single intervention safety and immunogenicity study in 6 healthy, malaria-naive adults, conducted to demonstrate the successful implementation of the well-established malaria challenge model at the Seattle Biomedical Research Institute (Seattle BioMed).
This study is designed to demonstrate the ability to inoculate malaria naive human volunteers with the Plasmodium falciparum strain of malaria sporozoites by the bite of infected mosquitoes under controlled conditions. Subjects are monitored closely for development of malaria and treated with standard doses of anti-malarial medications which the Plasmodium falciparum strain of malaria is known to be sensitive.
Study participants will undergo malaria sporozoite challenge with wild-type NF54 strain of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites administered via the bite of five infected Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes under controlled containment conditions.
Participants will be closely monitored for acute reactogenicity and signs and/or symptoms of malaria infection, and from day five post-challenge, will have daily blood films examined for the presence of malaria parasites. Participants who develop malaria infection will be treated with a standard oral regimen of chloroquine, or other FDA-approved anti-malarial drugs, under direct observation. Participants will be treated upon first evidence of microscopic parasitemia or at day 18 if they remain negative. Participants will be housed with study staff in a local hotel for close observation from day 9 post-challenge, until three consecutive blood smears are negative and all symptoms have resolved, then followed weekly for a total of 8 weeks.
Follow-up for safety will be conducted at 4- and 6- months post-challenge.
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Masking: Open Label
Malaria challenge (wild-type NF54 strain Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites)
Seattle Biomedical Research Institue's Malaria Clinical Trial Center
Active, not recruiting
Seattle Biomedical Research Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:20-0400
The purpose of this study is to determine how many infected mosquito bites are required to reliably give volunteers a case of malaria. It is expected that volunteers will develop malaria a...
Plasmodium falciparum isolates display a wide genetic diversity with possibly different properties to induce immune responses. These properties could directly influence the ability to indu...
Phase I/IIa double-blind randomized (adjuvant)-controlled trial. 16 volunteers are randomized to receive two doses of either 30 µg of PfCS102 formulated in Montanide ISA 720 (verum) or I...
This is a single center, randomized and controlled human study to optimize controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) administered by direct venous inoculation (DVI). 36 healthy adults aged...
This is a phase I study that will assess the acquisition of immunity to Pf malaria over the course of 4 sequential Controlled Human Malaria Infections (CHMI) over 3 years, in 10 healthy ad...
Antimalarial activity of single-dose DSM265, a novel plasmodium dihydroorotate dehydrogenase inhibitor, in patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax malaria infection: a proof-of-concept, open-label, phase 2a study.
DSM265 is a novel, long-duration inhibitor of plasmodium dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) with excellent selectivity over human DHODH and activity against blood and liver stages of Plasmodium falc...
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum (P falciparum) malaria. Concerns about artemisinin resistance...
Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) is the artemisinin combination therapy that was recently introduced for the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum uncomplicated malaria, but emerging resistance i...
Determination of the genetic diversity of malaria parasites can inform the intensity of transmission and identify potential deficiencies in malaria control programmes. This study was conducted to char...
Acidosis in severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria is associated with high mortality yet the pathogenesis remains incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to determine the nature and source of...
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Malaria is a serious tropical disease spread by mosquitoes. If malaria is not diagnosed and treated promptly, it can be fatal. What causes malaria? Malaria is caused by a type of parasite known as Plasmodium. There are many different types of Plasmod...