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The aim of the investigators study is to assess the bowel cleansing effects of two different agents and to compare their safety of application, ease of usage and effects on serum electrolytes.
Colorectal cancer is a leading cause of death from cancer. Because colonic cancer begins as a small adenoma that , evolves into carcinoma over a decade or more pre-emptive colonoscopic polypectomy can prevent this malignancy. For a good colonoscopic examination ideally the colon should be cleansed of all fecal material because poor bowel preparation before colonoscopy often leads to inability to reach the cecum or poor visualization of the mucosa . Thus , pathology may be missed, repeat examinations may be scheduled at earlier intervals than planned and the procedure is more difficult and time consuming. In addition , poor bowel preparation can increase the risk of significant complications. Perforations resulting from maneuvers has greater consequences in the setting of inadequate bowel preparation.
In the past two decades , various bowel preparation methods have been proposed including castor oil, anthraquinones, phenolphtalein and magnesium citrate, in combination with low residue diet4-7. Along these agents , cleansing enemas formed the traditional bowel preparation. Oral sodium phosphate (Fleet Phospo-soda, C.B Fleet Co, Inc., Lynchburg, Va.)(NaP) a preparation containing dibasic and monobasic sodium phosphate was proven to be cost effective and has since been used worldwide8,9. NaP osmotically draws plasma water into the bowel lumen to promote bowel cleansing. NaP must be accompanied by significant oral fluid to prevent dehydration. Patients with compromised renal function, dehydration, hypercalcemia or hypertension with the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors have experienced phosphate nephropathy after use of oral NaP solutions.
Senna laxatives containing sennosides activated by colonic bacteria have a direct effect on intestinal mucosa increasing the rate of colonic motility , enhancing colonic transit, and inhibiting water and electrolyte secretion10. Sennosides may result in hypokalemia and atonic colon.
The aim of our study is to assess the bowel cleansing effects of two different agents and to compare their safety of application, ease of usage and effects on serum electrolytes.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:21-0400
The aim of this study is to compare the colonoscopy success rate, cecal time and polyp detection rate between cap-fitted colonoscopy and conventional colonoscopy.
Observing the effects of an Olympus cap on the visibility and in adenoma detection during colonoscopy.
The primary aim of the study is to increase the success rate of cecal intubation in first colonoscopy and in repeated colonoscopy for the first failed procedure. The secondary aims are to...
The purpose of this study is to compare the adenoma detection rate (ADR) of the G-EYE™ colonoscopy with that of standard colonoscopy.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate a handheld Colonoscopy Force Monitor(CFM™), a push-pull force and torque measuring device, that grips the shaft of the colonoscope and wirelessly...
Split dose bowel preparations (SDP) have superior outcomes for colonoscopy as compared to evening before regimens. However, the association of the actual volume of the SDP to colonoscopy outcome measu...
The primary aim of this study was to evaluate adenomas per positive participant (APP) and adenomas per colonoscopy (APC) as new quality parameters in screening colonoscopy. Furthermore, we wanted to a...
Recent benefit of colonoscopy on CRC incidence and mortality was challenged by interval CRC, consisted of up to 5% of CRCs detected by colonoscopy in the preceding 5 years (1, 2). SSA/P has been recog...
Fifty-five percent of Americans aged 50-65 are submitted to colonoscopy. For over 65-year, this number increases to 64%. In Brazil, it is forecast that the population submitted to colonoscopy will gro...
Suboptimal bowel preparation can result in missed colorectal adenoma that can evolve into interval colorectal cancer. This study aims to identify the predictive factors associated with missed adenoma ...
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
Agents that are used to evacuate the bowels to eliminate ingested NOXAE or to prepare for COLONOSCOPY.
A condition characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. This syndrome was first described in 1980 by Read and associates. Subtypes include COLLAGENOUS COLITIS and LYMPHOCYTIC COLITIS. Both have similar clinical symptoms and are distinguishable only by histology.
A subtype of MICROSCOPIC COLITIS, characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. Microscopic examination of biopsy samples taken from the COLON show larger-than-normal band of subepithelial COLLAGEN.
A subtype of MICROSCOPIC COLITIS, characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. Microscopic examination of biopsy samples taken from the COLON show infiltration of LYMPHOCYTES in the superficial EPITHELIUM and the underlying connective tissue (lamina propria).
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...