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This study is focused on the brain mechanisms and peripheral biological correlates of two different forms of meditation--mindfulness-based and compassion/loving-kindness. Project 1 is focused on the impact of compassion/loving-kindness meditation on emotional reactivity and emotion regulation. Project 2 is focused on the neural and behavioral correlates of mindfulness meditation and attention and pain regulation. In addition, Project 2 will examine the relations between changes in oscillatory rhythms during meditation and attention and pain processing. Project 3 will examine the impact of meditation on spontaneous brain activity during sleep. This project will also examine the impact of intensive meditation on regional changes in slow wave activity during subsequent sleep. Each of these projects will be conducted on the same participants so that interrelations among the various measures collected in the different projects can be examined. We believe that this study will dramatically advance the understanding of the mechanisms by which meditation produces changes in behavioral and biological processes.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Day of intensive meditation practice, Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Health Enhancement Program (HEP)
UW-Health Sports Medicine & Integrative Medicine Program
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:21-0400
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A state of consciousness in which the individual eliminates environmental stimuli from awareness so that the mind can focus on a single thing, producing a state of relaxation and relief from stress. A wide variety of techniques are used to clear the mind of stressful outside interferences. It includes meditation therapy. (Mosby's Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)
A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.
Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.
Work consisting of a set of directions or principles to assist the health care practitioner with patient care decisions about appropriate diagnostic, therapeutic, or other clinical procedures for specific clinical circumstances. Practice guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, organizations such as professional societies or governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. They can provide a foundation for assessing and evaluating the quality and effectiveness of health care in terms of measuring improved health, reduction of variation in services or procedures performed, and reduction of variation in outcomes of health care delivered.
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