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Endoscopic Ethanol Ablation of Communicating Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms

2014-07-24 14:10:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Pancreatic cysts are common, and some pancreas cysts have malignant potential. Usual treatment of these cysts is either observation or surgical removal of part or all of the pancreas. Minimally invasive treatment via endoscopy has been described, using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided ethanol injections. Such studies exclude cysts that communicate with the main pancreatic duct, to avoid burning the main pancreatic duct with ethanol. In this study, pancreas cysts communicating with the main pancreas duct are treated with ethanol via endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and/or EUS.

Description

Subjects will undergo EUS and/or ERCP as outpatients. For cysts shown to communicate with the main pancreas duct, a balloon catheter will be placed in the main pancreatic duct via ERCP. The balloon catheter will isolate the cyst from the main pancreatic duct, allowing ethanol injections of the cyst. A pancreatic duct stent will be placed in some patients, requiring repeat endoscopy for removal at another time.

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous

Intervention

EUS and/or ERCP with ethanol injections of pancreatic cyst

Location

Mayo Clinic
Rochester
Minnesota
United States
55905

Status

Recruiting

Source

Mayo Clinic

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:10:11-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Cyst-like space not lined by EPITHELIUM and contained within the PANCREAS. Pancreatic pseudocysts account for most of the cystic collections in the pancreas and are often associated with chronic PANCREATITIS.

Neoplasms containing cyst-like formations or producing mucin or serum.

A true cyst of the PANCREAS, distinguished from the much more common PANCREATIC PSEUDOCYST by possessing a lining of mucous EPITHELIUM. Pancreatic cysts are categorized as congenital, retention, neoplastic, parasitic, enterogenous, or dermoid. Congenital cysts occur more frequently as solitary cysts but may be multiple. Retention cysts are gross enlargements of PANCREATIC DUCTS secondary to ductal obstruction. (From Bockus Gastroenterology, 4th ed, p4145)

Most common follicular odontogenic cyst. Occurs in relation to a partially erupted or unerupted tooth with at least the crown of the tooth to which the cyst is attached protruding into the cystic cavity. May give rise to an ameloblastoma and, in rare instances, undergo malignant transformation.

Cysts formed from epithelial inclusions in the lines of fusion of the embryonic processes which form the jaws. They include nasopalatine or incisive canal cyst, incisive papilla cyst, globulomaxillary cyst, median palatal cyst, median alveolar cyst, median mandibular cyst, and nasoalveolar cyst.

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