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Intensive Communication for Chronically Critically Ill

2014-07-23 21:10:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study was a trial of a formal system of family meetings to support family decision makers of chronically critically ill patients in the intensive care unit.

Description

Formal family meetings have been recommended as a useful approach to assist in goal setting, facilitate decision making, and reduce use of ineffective resources in the ICU. We implemented an "intensive communication system" to test the effect of regular, structured formal family meetings on patient outcomes among long-stay ICU patients

The design was a pre-post, tandem assignment of patients (n=217) receiving usual care and communication, followed by enrollment of intervention patients (n=354), from 5 ICUs. The "intensive communication system" included: (1) family meeting within 5 days of ICU admission and weekly thereafter; (2) each meeting addressed medical update, values and preferences, goals of care; treatment plan, and milestones for judging effectiveness of treatment.

We measured differences between control and intervention patients in indicators of aggressiveness of care or timing of treatment limitation decisions (ICU mortality, LOS, duration of ventilation, treatment limitation orders, or use of tracheostomy or percutaneous gastrostomy). Difference in outcomes among patients who died or who had treatment limitation orders, comparing control and intervention groups, was also examined.

Study Design

Control: Historical Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Critical Care

Intervention

Intensive Communication System

Location

University Hosptials Case Medical center
Cleveland
Ohio
United States
44106

Status

Completed

Source

Case Western Reserve University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:10:59-0400

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