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Safety concerns regarding use of drug eluting stent systems (DES) are related mostly to late stent thrombosis, which is facilitated by incomplete stent endothelial coverage. Specific information about time course and amount of endothelial strut coverage of different DES is required, in order to further refine the concept of antiplatelet therapy after DES implantation. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is emerging as a new gold standard for endovascular imaging of stents, atherosclerosis progression, vulnerable plaque and neointimal proliferation. Very limited OCT data about endothelial coverage of DES are currently available. Aim of this study is a comparative evaluation of XIENCE V® everolimus eluting stent (Abbot Vascular) and of the bare metal stent (BMS) Coroflex® Blue postdilated with the drug-eluting balloon (DEB) SeQuent® Please (paclitaxel-eluting balloon, B. Braun Melsungen AG) in terms of endothelial coverage and neointimal proliferation using OCT.
A number of 80 patients scheduled for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with a native coronary stenosis suitable for DES implantation and OCT imaging are openly randomized 1:1 to either XIENCE V® or Coroflex® Blue/Sequent® Please. The study is prospectively conducted at a university high-volume PCI center with OCT expertise (Jena, Germany). Angiographic follow-up and OCT imaging with motorized pull-back at 1 mm/s are planned in all patients 6 months after implantation of the study stents. OCT endpoints are: (1) endothelial coverage, expressed as % of struts without coverage and % of stent length containing non-covered struts, and respectively (2) neointimal proliferation, given as % neointimal volumetric proliferation within the whole stent and also as focal peak % neointimal area proliferation. The study is not powered for clinical endpoints, which are: subacute or late stent thrombosis and need for revascularization of the stent segment. Given the high number of measurements (15 cross-section images / 1 mm stent length), OCT endpoints are likely to reach significance at the level P < 0.05 even at a follow-up drop-out rate up to 20%.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation
University Hospital of Jena, 1st Medical Department, Division of Cardiology
University of Jena
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:21-0400
Intro: Chronic total occlusions (CTO) are the most severe coronary lesions. Negative distal vessel remodeling occurs in these lesions, leading to reduction of artery diameter. Treatment of...
Coronary-stent implantation is commonly performed for treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Drug eluting stents (DES) among selected patients have been shown to reduce target lesi...
This study will evaluate the 3 drug-eluting stents presently marketed for intervention in the coronary artery with respect to the complications that may occur in case it becomes necessary ...
Self-apposing, drug-eluting Stentys coronary stents represent a valuable tool for the treatment of coronary artery stenosis. Their ability to adapt to widely varying vessel calibers and to...
The investigators sought to discover which one of the following strategies is the safest for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: paclitaxel-coated balloon+Genous stent;...
Balloon angioplasty revolutionised percutaneous treatment for coronary artery disease four decades ago, but vessel-threatening dissections, elastic recoil and restenosis were major drawbacks to an oth...
Large increases in myocardial trace elements may adversely affect metabolism and become detrimental to cardiac function. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) allows for the revascularisation of ob...
: Relapsing angina is infrequent, although not negligible in patients with previous history of percutaneous revascularization. Symptoms may be related to in-stent restenosis, to the development of neo...
There is a paucity of data from large contemporary cohorts of patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR) treated with drug-eluting stents (DESs), and no studies have examined the impact of high platelet ...
It remains controversial whether coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) should be optimized to treat coronary artery disease in patients on chronic hemodialysi...
A family of percutaneous techniques that are used to manage CORONARY OCCLUSION, including standard balloon angioplasty (PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY), the placement of intracoronary STENTS, and atheroablative technologies (e.g., ATHERECTOMY; ENDARTERECTOMY; THROMBECTOMY; PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL LASER ANGIOPLASTY). PTCA was the dominant form of PCI, before the widespread use of stenting.
Dilatation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
A piperazine derivative and PLATELET AGGREGATION INHIBITOR that is used to prevent THROMBOSIS in patients with ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME; UNSTABLE ANGINA and MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, as well as in those undergoing PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTIONS.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Percutaneous excision of a herniated or displaced intervertebral disk by posterolateral approach, always remaining outside the spinal canal. Percutaneous nucleotomy was first described by Hijikata in Japan in 1975. In 1985 Onik introduced automated percutaneous nucleotomy which consists in percutaneous aspiration of the nucleus pulposus. It is carried out under local anesthesia, thus reducing the surgical insult and requiring brief hospitalization, often performed on an outpatient basis. It appears to be a well-tolerated alternative to surgical diskectomy and chymopapain nucleolysis.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
A stent is a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to other parts of your body. A stent is placed in an artery as part of a procedure called angioplasty. &...