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Changes in fatty acid (FA) composition within the liver may influence lipid metabolism and inflammation. This is poorly understood in humans.
Especially omega-3 FA are important: They promote FA oxidation over storage and are important for export of lipids from the liver. Omega-3 FA have also anti-inflammatory properties.
Changes in liver FA composition may be influenced by dietary intake, high rate of lipid peroxidation (LP) or low delta-6 desaturase enzyme activity. We and others recently showed that NASH patients had lower hepatic n-3 and n-6 PUFA with increased lipid peroxidation and low antioxidant status when compared to patients with minimal findings on liver biopsy. The dietary intake of FA was similar among the 3 groups suggesting that the difference in hepatic FA composition may be related to high lipid peroxidation or low delta-6 desaturase activity. This difference in hepatic FA composition may be of significance in the pathogenesis of NAFLD since it may change gene expressions in regard to lipid metabolism.
This pilot study in NASH to assess the effect of n-3 PUFA supplementation on FA composition (liver and red blood cells), hepatic gene expression, and histology. We will also assess hepatic and red blood cell PC:PE ratio. Oxidative stress, insulin resistance and nutritional measurements will be performed to further characterize these patients
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Omega-3 capsules-Fish Oil
University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital
University Health Network, Toronto
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:22-0400
The principal purpose of this study is to determine whether increased intakes of n-3 polyunsaturated (omega-3) fatty acids will reduce the amount of fat stored in the liver in patients wit...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether dietary supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids will decrease the amount of fat in liver.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. It is defined as the accumulation of fat (>5%) in the liver cells in the absence of excessive...
Background: - Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common form of liver disease in the United States. It includes many conditions. Researchers want to study fatty liver disease b...
Lovaza is the only fish oil supplement approved by the FDA. It is available by prescription for the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia (> 500 mg/dl). The primary mechanism appears to be a r...
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a leading cause of chronic liver disease and can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular cancer and end stage liver disease. It is also associated with increased cardiov...
This study evaluates long-term outcomes and body mass index (BMI) following liver transplantation (LT) for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in comparison with alcoholic liver disease (ALD).
With the advent and subsequent success of antiretroviral therapy, HIV infection has largely become a chronic condition and is increasingly seen alongside metabolic disorders such as dyslipidemia and i...
The pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has not been well recognized yet.
We thank Tomoyuki Kawada for the comments(1) in response to our recent article in Journal of Diabetes titled 'Short sleep duration and longer daytime napping are associated with non-alcoholic fatty li...
Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.
Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.
Fatty liver finding without excessive ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION.
FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.
A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...