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Study to Evaluate the Effects of Oral Administration of Lixivaptan in Patients With Congestive Heart Failure

2014-07-24 14:10:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of oral lixivaptan capsules in patients with congestive heart failure.

Description

Diuretics are used extensively in the treatment of patients with CHF, and their efficacy is well established. However, there is a tendency for currently used diuretics to increase afterload and deplete electrolytes, and in many patients ventricular function continues to deteriorate over time.

Loop diuretics, such as furosemide, also have known negative effects on renal function reducing the glomerular filtration rate, and have been shown to activate the RAA system.

Lixivaptan is a potent, non-peptide selective antagonist of the vasopressin V2 receptor.

Lixivaptan treatment results in increased free water excretion, thus decreasing urine osmolality, increasing urine flow, and increasing serum osmolality. Short-term treatment with lixivaptan has demonstrated improved fluid management and electrolyte balance in HF patients.

This study was designed to assess the effects of vasopressin blockade with lixivaptan in patients with CHF with volume overload. A placebo-control arm will allow for assessment of the effect of lixivaptan in addition to standard diuretic therapy as compared with standard diuretic therapy alone.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Congestive Heart Failure

Intervention

Lixivaptan, Placebo

Location

Mobile Heart Specialists, PC
Mobile
Alabama
United States
36608

Status

Recruiting

Source

CardioKine Inc.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:10:12-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

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A semisynthetic digitalis glycoside with the general properties of DIGOXIN but more rapid onset of action. Its cardiotonic action is prolonged by its demethylation to DIGOXIN in the liver. It has been used in the treatment of congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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