Advertisement

Topics

New Body Mass Index (BMI) Cut-offs for the Diagnosis of Obesity and Comorbidities

2014-08-27 03:16:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Obesity is a serious medical problem because it increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes mellitus, and certain forms of cancer. The definition of obesity is based on an excess of body fat, not of BMI. However, BMI is the reference used to establish a graded classification of weight relative to height. Although BMI is widely used as a simple surrogate measure of body fat and has been shown to correlate closely with adiposity, it would be more appropriate to determine body fat percentage and to use this value for classification purposes. The present study contemplates the determination of the per cent body fat with the aim of establishing new diagnostic and therapeutic criteria according to the associated comorbidities.

Description

The prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased alarmingly in the last decades. Obesity is a serious medical problem because it increases the risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, sleep-breathing disorders, and certain forms of cancer. Obesity is defined medically as a state of increased adipose tissue of sufficient magnitude to produce adverse health consequences. The definition of obesity is based on an excess of body fat, not of BMI. However, BMI is the reference used to establish a graded classification of weight relative to height. Although BMI is widely used as a simple surrogate measure of body fat and has been shown to correlate closely with adiposity, it would be more appropriate to determine body fat percentage and to use this value for classification purposes. The present study contemplates the determination of the per cent body fat (by air displacement plethysmography) in more than 5,000 subjects representing the whole BMI range, with the aim of establishing new diagnostic and therapeutic criteria according to the associated comorbidities. The specific objectives are: a) To know the body fat percentage means for normal weight, overweight and obesity for both sexes. b) To know the body fat percentage means for normal weight, overweight and obesity for the different age ranges. c) To analyse the relationship between body fat percentage and BMI values in order to detect misclassified individuals. d) To establish new cut-offs for body fat percentage and the normality ranges according to its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors that could be useful in the diagnosis and therapy of obesity.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Obesity

Location

Clinica Universidad de Navarra - University of Navarra
Pamplona
Navarra
Spain
31008

Status

Recruiting

Source

Instituto Cientifico y Tecnologico de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:26-0400

Clinical Trials [659 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Re-Energize With Nutrition, Exercise and Weight Loss

The purpose of this project is to establish a Center of Excellence in Research on Obesity that will focus on severe obesity. The prevalence of severe obesity (i.e., Class 2 and 3 obesity;...

Awareness, Care & Treatment In Obesity Management - An International Observation

The purpose of this survey is to collect the data on perceptions, behaviours and awareness related to obesity and obesity management for People with Obesity (PwO) and Health Care Professio...

Inflammation, Diabetes, Ethnicity and Obesity Cohort

Obesity affects over one third of US adults (>72 million, with BMI ≥30 kg/m2), and the proportion of US adults with BMI ≥40 kg/m2 has doubled in the last 20 years. Obesity is associate...

Comparison of Workplace Obesity Management Programs

The purpose of this study is to design and demonstrate the feasibility of implementing moderate and intensive environmental obesity prevention programs at major worksites.

Community-based Obesity Treatment in African American Women After Childbirth

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the community-based obesity treatment (PP), compared to usual care (UC), on changes in maternal weight over 12 months.

PubMed Articles [2555 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity.

Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 wit...

Prevalence and Determinants of Engagement with Obesity Care in the United States.

Medical management of obesity can result in significant weight loss and reduce the burden of obesity-related complications. This report employs a new conceptual model to quantify engagement with obesi...

Epidemiology of Obesity and Associated Comorbidities.

Obesity currently affects 78.6 million people (33%) in the United States and is expected to increase to over 50% of the population by 2030. This epidemic is fueled by the growing rate of obesity in ad...

Association between cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic risk factors in a population with mild to severe obesity.

Previous literature suggests the beneficial effects of fitness on abdominal obesity may be attenuated in obesity and abolished in severe obesity. It is unclear whether the beneficial association betwe...

Association between different combination of measures for obesity and new-onset gallstone disease.

Body mass index(BMI) is a calculation index of general obesity. Waist circumference(WC) is a measure of body-fat distribution and always used to estimate abdominal obesity. An important trait of gener...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.

A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.

BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.

Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.

More From BioPortfolio on "New Body Mass Index (BMI) Cut-offs for the Diagnosis of Obesity and Comorbidities"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Obesity
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...

Cardiology
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...


Searches Linking to this Trial