Impact of Helmet Use in Preschool Children

2014-07-23 21:11:01 | BioPortfolio


- To test the hypothesis if provision of helmet education and free helmet distribution will significantly increase helmet use in preschool children of low-income families compared to those children receiving helmet education without free helmet distribution;

- To test the hypothesis if helmet users in preschool children will significantly reduce head and facial injuries compared to those non-helmet users


Current literature review shows that there were no definite prospective research studies that indicate the effectiveness of helmet promotion and wearing in injury prevention/reduction particularly to head and facial injuries among preschool children of low-income families.

The magnitude and seriousness of the injury problem in these children in the community could be high. Many injuries may occur that are not treated in emergency departments. Even the occurrence of a minor injury in the face is undesirable. These ages are learning periods to ride, are liable to fall, and are prone to injuries by using, not only, bicycles but also tricycles, scooters, roller skates/roller blades and other riding toys (vehicles).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention


Head Injuries


Bicycle helmet from Bell Sports Inc., Bicycle helmet education only


Community Action of Northeast Indiana (CANI) Inc - Head Start
Fort Wayne
United States




Parkview Hospital, Indiana

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:01-0400

Clinical Trials [772 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Hanger Helmet Study

The purpose of this study is to examine a group of patients requiring helmet therapy (either patients with plagiocephaly or post-surgical patients) to compare outcomes of infants treated w...

Novel Helmet Design in Patients With Seizures

This is a two-part study that aims to determine the reliability and safety of the use of the Hövding inflatable helmet in seizures, as evidenced by the deployment of the helmet during sei...

Standard Motorcycle Child Safety Helmet Initiative (MCHI) Program

The main aim of this intervention study is to test the hypothesis if helmet initiative program will significantly increase helmet usage in primary school students. The secondary aim of thi...

Cranial Orthotic Device Versus Repositioning Techniques for the Management of Plagiocephaly: the CRANIO Randomized Trial

Babies 4-7 months of age with positional plagiocephaly will be treated with repositional techniques verse helmet therapy. The helmet therapy children will be fitted a helmet at Westcoast ...

Helmet Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Oxygen Venturi in Acute Respiratory Failure in CAP: CAPOVeRSO

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of CPAP application by a helmet and O2 administration by a Venturi mask in terms of gas exchanges improvement in patients with acute re...

PubMed Articles [4294 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Recommend or mandate? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of mandatory bicycle helmet legislation.

If all cyclistswere wearing helmets, significant numbers of head injuries might theoretically be prevented. Mandatory bicycle helmet legislation increases helmet use but is a controversial measure. Re...

On-road bicycle lane types, roadway characteristics, and risks for bicycle crashes.

Bicycle lanes reduce real and perceived risks for bicycle vs. motor vehicle crashes, reducing the burden of traffic injuries and contributing to greater cycling participation. Previous research indica...

The effect of football helmet facemasks on impact behavior during linear drop tests.

Football helmet certification tests are performed without a facemask attached to the helmet; however, the facemask is expected to contribute substantially to the structure and dynamics of the helmet t...

Bicycle helmet wearing is associated with closer overtaking by drivers: A response to Olivier and Walter, 2013.

There is a body of research on how driver behaviour might change in response to bicyclists' appearance. In 2007, Walker published a study suggesting motorists drove closer on average when passing a bi...

Is Helmet and Faceguard Modification Common in Hurling and Camogie and Why Is It Done?

Aims Despite no previous research, it is anecdotally reported that hurling and camogie players modify their helmet and faceguard, which is against GAA regulations and can potentially increase injury r...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).

Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.

A syndrome caused by large deletions of the telomereic end of the short arm of CHROMOSOME 4 (4p) in Wolf-Hirchhorn syndrome critial regions (WHSCRs). Several candidate genes have been identified including WHSC1 and WHSCH2 which appear to be responsible for the core phenotype and in combination with other linked and unlinked genes determine the severity and inclusion of rarer phenotypes. Most cases have a characteristic cranio-facial defect often referred to as "Greek helmet face" - a combined result of MICROCEPHALY, broad forehead, prominent glabella, HYPERTELORISM, high arched eyebrows, short philtrum and micrognathia. In addition there is mental retardation, growth delays, EPILEPSY, and frequently a wide range of midline and skeletal defects, including HYPOSPADIAS; CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; CLEFT LIP; CLEFT PALATE; colobomata; CLUBFOOT; clinodactyly; SCOLIOSIS; and KYPHOSIS.

The field of veterinary medicine concerned with PHYSICAL FITNESS of animals in sports (horse racing, dog racing, etc.) and the diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries in animals.

Illegitimate use of drugs for a desired effect in competitive sports; includes humans and animals.

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Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

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