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- To test the hypothesis if provision of helmet education and free helmet distribution will significantly increase helmet use in preschool children of low-income families compared to those children receiving helmet education without free helmet distribution;
- To test the hypothesis if helmet users in preschool children will significantly reduce head and facial injuries compared to those non-helmet users
Current literature review shows that there were no definite prospective research studies that indicate the effectiveness of helmet promotion and wearing in injury prevention/reduction particularly to head and facial injuries among preschool children of low-income families.
The magnitude and seriousness of the injury problem in these children in the community could be high. Many injuries may occur that are not treated in emergency departments. Even the occurrence of a minor injury in the face is undesirable. These ages are learning periods to ride, are liable to fall, and are prone to injuries by using, not only, bicycles but also tricycles, scooters, roller skates/roller blades and other riding toys (vehicles).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Bicycle helmet from Bell Sports Inc., Bicycle helmet education only
Community Action of Northeast Indiana (CANI) Inc - Head Start
Parkview Hospital, Indiana
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:01-0400
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Both dogs and bicycles are common in our society and thus a dog-bicycle interaction resulting in an injury to a cyclist is possible. It was the purpose of this study to investigate such injuries.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.
A syndrome caused by large deletions of the telomereic end of the short arm of CHROMOSOME 4 (4p) in Wolf-Hirchhorn syndrome critial regions (WHSCRs). Several candidate genes have been identified including WHSC1 and WHSCH2 which appear to be responsible for the core phenotype and in combination with other linked and unlinked genes determine the severity and inclusion of rarer phenotypes. Most cases have a characteristic cranio-facial defect often referred to as "Greek helmet face" - a combined result of MICROCEPHALY, broad forehead, prominent glabella, HYPERTELORISM, high arched eyebrows, short philtrum and micrognathia. In addition there is mental retardation, growth delays, EPILEPSY, and frequently a wide range of midline and skeletal defects, including HYPOSPADIAS; CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; CLEFT LIP; CLEFT PALATE; colobomata; CLUBFOOT; clinodactyly; SCOLIOSIS; and KYPHOSIS.
The field of veterinary medicine concerned with PHYSICAL FITNESS of animals in sports (horse racing, dog racing, etc.) and the diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries in animals.
Illegitimate use of drugs for a desired effect in competitive sports; includes humans and animals.
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