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The purpose of this study is to determine the comparative efficacy of artesunate plus sulfamethoxypyrazine-pyrimethamine versus Praziquantel in the treatment of school children infected with S.mansoni in western Kenya.
Schistosomiasis remains an important parasitic disease in the tropics, including Kenya. In the absence of a vaccine, the major control strategy is the reduction of morbidity by chemotherapy using Praziquantel. Evidence from laboratory studies and field trials continue to show that schistosome worms have developed reduced susceptibility to Praziquantel. These observations indicate the need for research to monitor the trends in efficacy of praziquantel and the need for research to develop novel antischistosomal drugs. Randomized controlled trials have also shown that Artemisinin derivatives (artesunate, artemether) have antischistosomal activity against S. mansoni, S. haematobium and S. japonicum. We propose to conduct an open-label, randomized trial to evaluate the comparative efficacy of artesunate plus sulfamethoxypyrazine-pyrimethamine versus Praziquantel in the treatment of 212 school children infected with S.mansoni in Rarieda district in western Kenya. To do this we will screen about 1000 school children by examination of stool for schistosome eggs. Eligible children will be randomized to receive either artesunate plus sulfamethoxypyrazine-pyrimethamine over 3 days or a single dose of Praziquantel. Four weeks after treatment, the participants will be assessed for cure and egg reduction.Our study may provide vital information regarding an alternative treatment for S. mansoni infection in children.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
KEMRI Centre for Global Health Research
Kenya Medical Research Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:27-0400
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of praziquantel versus As+SMP (Co-Arinate FDC ®) in the treatment of Schistosoma haematobium in 6-15 year old Malian children. The nu...
The aim of this study is to assess the impact of Schistosoma mansoni infection and its treatment on genital immunology and HIV susceptibility in Ugandan women.
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to an increased knowledge about the effect of praziquantel on schistosomiasis related morbidity and re-infection level among communiti...
The purpose of this open randomised multi-centre clinical trial is to test the hypothesis that three pills of the fixed dose combination artesunate/sulfamethoxypyrazine/pyrimethamine, admi...
Groups of 3 or 7 volunteers will be exposed to a predetermined number of male Schistosoma mansoni cercariae until 10 volunteers are found infected.
Mass drug administration (MDA) using praziquantel is the WHO-recommended approach for control of schistosomiasis. However, few studies have compared the impact of different schedules of MDA on the res...
Biomphalaria pfeifferi is highly compatible with the widespread human-infecting blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni and transmits more cases of this parasite to people than any other snail species. For th...
Praziquantel is the most effective anthelminthic drug for the treatment of schistosomiasis, an infectious disease caused by the platyhelminth Schistosoma mansoni. While praziquantel is known to trigge...
The tetraprenylated benzophenone 7-epiclusianone (7-epi) is a substance isolated from the fruits of Garcinia brasiliensis and in vitro studies have demonstrated that 7-epi is effective against Schisto...
Persistent hotspots have been described following mass drug administration (MDA) for the control of schistosomiasis, but have not been studied during the course of a multi-year MDA program.
Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States. (Merck Manual, 15th ed)
SCHISTOSOMIASIS of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges caused by infections with trematodes of the genus SCHISTOSOMA (primarily SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM; SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI; and SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM in humans). S. japonicum infections of the nervous system may cause an acute meningoencephalitis or a chronic encephalopathy. S. mansoni and S. haematobium nervous system infections are associated with acute transverse myelitis involving the lower portions of the spinal cord. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp61-2)
A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.
Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni. It is endemic in Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean and affects mainly the bowel, spleen, and liver.
An anthelmintic with schistosomicidal activity against Schistosoma mansoni, but not against other Schistosoma spp. Oxamniquine causes worms to shift from the mesenteric veins to the liver where the male worms are retained; the female worms return to the mesentery, but can no longer release eggs. (From Martidale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed, p121)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...