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Transversus Abdominus Plane (TAP) block may reduce need for postoperative pain medications in patients undergoing laparoscopic hand assisted nephrectomy. Our hypothesis is that the TAP block will result in a significant reduction in pain scores and morphine requirements in the active group.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
TAP block placement with placebo, Placement of block with ropivacaine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:10:13-0400
Hypothesis: When performed under ultrasound guidance, there is improvement in the sensory and motor blockade obtained with stimulating popliteal catheters versus those placed without nerve...
There is limited information on using the ultrasonography for block placement concerning lipoma excision. A new type of regional blockade, performed under ultrasound, can ensure proper blo...
The primary objectives of this study are to define the extent of dermatomal anesthesia and anatomical spread of injectate (as defined by MRI imaging) that is provided by an ESP block at th...
Patients undergoing percutaneus nephrolipotomy (PNL) suffer from acute postoperative pain, despite a multimodal analgesic regime. We hypothesize that active (ropivacaine) transmuscular qu...
Two regional anesthesia techniques already in use in common clinical practice -paravertebral block and pectoral nerve block (PECS block) are compared in a randomized case-control study, in...
Clonidine used as a perineural adjuvant to ropivacaine, does not prolong the duration of sensory block when controlling for systemic effects: A paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers.
Clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine have been shown to prolong the duration of peripheral nerve blocks. The mechanism of action remains unclear. We hypothesized, that clonidine used as an adj...
Conduction abnormalities after cardiac surgery are common as is spontaneous resolution of these abnormalities. However, 1%-3% of patients will require placement of a permanent pacemaker. Patients with...
Examination of the effectiveness of perineural dexamethasone administered in very low and low doses on ropivacaine brachial plexus block duration.
Use of spinal anesthesia (SA) in children may address concerns about potential neurocognitive effects of general anesthesia. We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to assess the effects of SA on ce...
Effect of Intercostal Nerve Block and Nephrostomy Tract Infiltration with Ropivacaine on Postoperative Pain Control after Tubeless Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: a Prospective, Randomized, and Case-Controlled Trial.
To determine the efficacy of intercostal nerve block (ICBN) and nephrostomy tract infiltration (NTI) with ropivacaine in patients undergoing tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (TPCNL).
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.
A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).
A form of heart block in which the electrical stimulation of HEART VENTRICLES is interrupted at either one of the branches of BUNDLE OF HIS thus preventing the simultaneous depolarization of the two ventricles.
Impaired impulse conduction from HEART ATRIA to HEART VENTRICLES. AV block can mean delayed or completely blocked impulse conduction.
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...