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Effects of Supervised Physical Therapy With Early Activation of the Rotator Cuff Versus Home Exercises in Patients After Arthroscopic Subacromial Decompression

2014-08-27 03:16:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare two different post-surgical rehabilitation strategies, Rehabilitation supervised by a physical therapist including exercises with progressive early activation of the rotator cuff versus basic home exercises regarding shoulder function, pain, health related quality of life and return to work after arthroscopic subacromial decompression.

Description

Patients scheduled for surgery (arthroscopic subacromial decompression)and in the age 25-65 were offered to participate in the study. After surgery they were randomized to either Supervised Physical therapy with early activation of the rotator cuff (PT-group) or to home exercises (H-group). Patients in the PT group met the physical therapist twice a week for exercises and in between these visits they did their exercises at home daily. The H-group did home exercises daily. Shoulder function and pain(primary outcomes)and health related quality of life, returning to work(secondary outcomes)were assessed before surgery, one week after(baseline), 1,2,3 and 6 months after surgery by an independent physical therapist.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Subacromial Decompression

Intervention

Exercises

Status

Completed

Source

Linkoeping University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:27-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the humeral head and structures that make up the coracoacromial arch and the humeral tuberosities. This condition is associated with subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff (largely supraspinatus) and bicipital tendon inflammation, with or without degenerative changes in the tendon. Pain that is most severe when the arm is abducted in an arc between 40 and 120 degrees, sometimes associated with tears in the rotator cuff, is the chief symptom. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes and Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)

Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.

Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.

Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.

Technique based on muscle relaxation during self-hypnotic exercises. It is used in conjunction with psychotherapy.

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