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This is a randomised, open label trial, comparing standard dose of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) with standard fixed artesunate-mefloquine regimen (MAS3) and with a longer regimen of artemether-lumefantrine (ALN+) in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in pregnant women. The sample size is 335 women in each arm which would be 1005 women in total. Pregnant patients in 2nd and 3rd trimester with acute uncomplicated malaria who meet eligibility criteria will be asked to participate in the study. The primary objective is to determine if the efficacy of DP and MAS3 are superior to ALN+ in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in pregnancy. The study will also incorporate a dense pharmacokinetic study of mefloquine and artesunate (15 women in the MAS3 arm) and a population pharmacokinetic study for mefloquine, piperaquine and lumefantrine.
The 3 treatment regimens are 3 days of DHA-piperaquine (DP), 3 days of artesunate-mefloquine (MAS3) with mefloquine given as 8,8,8 mg/kg per day and an augmented dose of 4 days (5 tabs BID) of artemether- lumefantrine (ALN+). This will focus on efficacy and safety. Patients will be randomized equally to one of three treatment groups.
Within the trial there are two nested pharmacokinetic studies comprising dense data on 15 women for mefloquine and artesunate and sparse data for mefloquine, lumefantrine and piperaquine. Pregnant women will be followed up until delivery or day 63 if later than delivery and their infants will be followed until the end of the first year of life The follow up of babies will be monthly until 1 year (summarized in the table). Visits will include body weight, length, head circumference, arm circumference, physical examination, motor milestones by observation and caregiver interview, developmental examination and monthly haematocrit and stool testing. The mother is free to bring her infant at any time to the clinic and investigations appropriate to the presenting complaint and symptoms will be carried out as necessary to provide care for the infant.
Infants born to mothers who have a positive peripheral smear at delivery are at risk of congenital malaria and will be actively screened weekly for 2 months. In the last study one congenital malaria P.falciparum occurred at day 21 and the infant was very sick and was cured with artesunate. Infants who are positive for malaria would have a PCR spot to verify if the malaria was congenital.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, Artesunate-mefloquine, arthemeter-lumefantrin
Shoklo Malaria Research Unit
University of Oxford
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:27-0400
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Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.
Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.
A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.
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