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Weight loss surgery is the most effective weight loss treatment available, but the direct effect on chronic kidney disease is less widely understood. Early research shows some improvement in kidney function may occur and candidacy for kidney transplantation can be improved with weight loss following surgery. To date, no randomised controlled trial has been performed to examine the effect of weight loss surgery on the progression of chronic kidney disease.
This randomised trial will allocate patients to either lifestyle modification with diet, exercise and pharmacotherapy, or weight loss surgery to remove two thirds of the stomach using the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy procedure. This study aims to evaluate weight loss surgery vs lifestyle modification in patients with chronic kidney disease with estimated kidney function of 20-60% and morbid obesity (BMI 35-45) in terms of kidney function, cardiovascular disease risk factors and all-cause mortality.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Kidney Disease
laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, weight management program
King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital NHS Trust
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:02-0400
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Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.