Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The purpose of the study is to evaluate diagnostic performance of high iodine (iopamidol 370 mg/dl) content versus low iodine (iodixanol 300 mg/dl) content for diagnostic accuracy by contrast-enhanced Coronary Cardiac Computed Tomography (CCTA) using a 64-detector-row CT scanner for detection of presence or absence of coronary artery obstruction when compared against invasive coronary angiography, the standard of truth.
Coronary Cardiac CT (CCTA) is a widely accepted modality for non-invasive evaluation of coronary atherosclerosis. The diagnostic performance of CCTA for detecting coronary artery plaque burden has been validated in numerous studies, reaching a negative predictive value of 99%.
The current gold standard for anatomic coronary imaging is Invasive Coronary Angiography (ICA) which portends a small but significant procedural-related complication of 1.7%. Non-invasive coronary imaging has the potential to replace ICA but the variability in diagnostic performance of CCTA remains under study. Among the potential variables causing differences in diagnostic performance is perhaps the degree of opacification of coronary artery by iodinated contrast. While numerous contrast agents exist, those that provide improved low and high contrast resolution (for delineating plaque from arterial wall and lumen from plaque, respectively) are hypothetically, the most optimal agents. To date, however, this has not been well evaluated. Further, use of a contrast agent which maximizes patient comfort is desired, as this may reduce heart rate increases and heart rate variability, which may in turn improve diagnostic image quality of CCTA.
We hypothesize that the use of lower iodine content iso-osmolar agent - iodixanol - will improve diagnostic performance and patient comfort, as compared to higher iodine content low osmolar iodinated contrast - iopamidol.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Cardiology Associates of Mobile
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:33-0400
The specific objectives of this thesis are in a cohort of patients with an acute ischemic stroke, 1. To establish the degree of coronary arteriosclerosis. 2. To describe left v...
1) Establish normal value for coronary calcium scoring in Taiwan. 2) Find out the relationship of coronary calcium deposition and coronary artery stenosis. Propose a clinical management gu...
Arteriosclerosis is a degenerative and dysmetabolic disease of the arterial walls. It is known to be the principal cause of coronary artery disease (CAD). Arteriosclerosis has an impact on...
To compare the efficacy of 16-row multi-detector CT (MDCT) with standard myocardial perfusion imaging in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients without a previously establishe...
To quantify the role of dietary factors in the etiology of coronary heart disease by pooling data from 10 major prospective studies on diet and coronary heart disease.
Coronary revascularization for coronary artery disease dates to the introduction of coronary bypass surgery by Favaloro in 1967 and coronary angioplasty by Gruentzig in 1977 and first published in 196...
Coronary artery fistulae (CAF) are rare anomalies with controversial management strategies. The two main treatment options include either surgical repair or catheter embolization. Herein, we report su...
Patients suffering from Myocardial Infarction with Non-Obstructive Coronary Arteries (MINOCA) are found with no obstructive coronary artery disease on coronary arteriography. The Aim of this interesti...
There are many variations of coronary anatomy encountered during coronary angiogram. Anatomy demonstrating a single coronary artery is a rare congenital coronary artery anomaly. The entire heart is su...
Bilateral congenital coronary artery fistulae complicated with a giant coronary artery aneurysm is a very rare condition. A coronary artery aneurysm is a coronary artery dilatation that exceeds the di...
Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of CORONARY VESSELS. Most coronary aneurysms are due to CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS, and the rest are due to inflammatory diseases, such as KAWASAKI DISEASE.
Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.
Complete blockage of blood flow through one of the CORONARY ARTERIES, usually from CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Ticlopidine is an effective inhibitor of platelet aggregation. The drug has been found to significantly reduce infarction size in acute myocardial infarcts and is an effective antithrombotic agent in arteriovenous fistulas, aorto-coronary bypass grafts, ischemic heart disease, venous thrombosis, and arteriosclerosis.
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. For example: to diagnose diseases to measure the progress or recovery from disease to confirm that a person is free from disease Clin...