Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Adrenal insufficiency (AI) is common in critically ill children and adults. AI is a condition in which the adrenal glands, located above the kidneys, do not make enough hormones or our body is unable to use the hormones made. A hormone is a chemical that helps control different kinds of body functions. The hormones being studied can influence blood pressure and how fast the heart beats. Doctors want to know why children need extra hormones when they are critically ill. In our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) we treat AI with a set of standard orders. By doing this, we have shown that AI is common in many types of sickness and that blood pressure improves when extra hormones are given. We also found that people's heart and blood pressure did not always match the level of a certain hormone, called cortisol, in their blood.
Since cortisol levels alone don't always show AI, and children with normal hormone levels still benefit from steroids, doctors are looking for a better understanding of AI. Finding reasons that children develop AI may help doctors find other ways to improve AI.
One promising focus of AI is the role of oxidative stress (OS). OS is a term used to describe a group of chemical reactions that involve oxygen. Emory's adult intensive care units have shown a significant increase in OS in critically ill patients. Normally our body's cortisol acts by binding to glucocorticoid (a class of hormone) receptors (GR) within cells. Many studies have shown that OS increases steroid resistance by changing the GR structure and function. Studies involving OS and GR problems have not been done with children.
We aim to:
1. Find out how many sick children have OS in the PICU.
2. Find out the normal OS level of healthy children.
3. Decide if OS causes adrenal insufficiency.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:33-0400
The objective of the PRELUDE study is to describe the use of lanreotide Autogel® (LAN ATG) combined with Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) in the treatment of progressive neuro...
GI tract including pancreas is the one of most common primary sites of neuroendocrine tumors. Current grading of neuroendocrine tumors are based on the 2010 WHO classification. This classi...
Well-differentiated gastroenteropancreatic and lung neuroendocrine tumors are generally malignancies with a prolonged natural history. However, clinical behavior is heterogeneous and when ...
Prospective study to obtain fresh tumor biopsies and three blood samples from patients with a confirmed histological or cytological diagnosis of well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (...
Safety and Tolerability of Everolimus as Second-line Treatment in Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma / Neuroendocrine Carcinoma G3 (WHO 2010) and Neuroendocrine Tumor G3 - an Investigator Initiated Phase II Study
The study is designed as an open-label, prospective, single arm, multicenter study of everolimus in histologically confirmed, neuroendocrine carcinoma G3 /neuroendocrine tumor G3 after fai...
Pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma is a rare aggressive tumor commonly harboring TP53 and RB1 alterations and lacking neuroendocrine related genetic changes such as mutations in MEN1 and ATRX/DAXX. L...
The Ga-labelled somatostatin analogues ( Ga-DOTA-SSAs) is becoming popular as an important diagnostic tool in neuroendocrine tumors as evidenced by a growing number of reports detailing institutional...
While preoperative chemotherapy is frequently utilized before resection of non-neuroendocrine liver metastases, patients with resectable neuroendocrine liver metastases typically undergo surgery first...
Lung neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a heterogeneous family of neoplasms comprising four histologic types, namely typical and atypical carcinoid (TC and AC), large-cell neuroendocrine and small cell ...
Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms with a Ki-67 labeling index greater than 20% were reclassified in 2017 by the World Health Organization into well differentiated (WD) and poorly differentiated grad...
Tumors whose cells possess secretory granules and originate from the neuroectoderm, i.e., the cells of the ectoblast or epiblast that program the neuroendocrine system. Common properties across most neuroendocrine tumors include ectopic hormone production (often via APUD CELLS), the presence of tumor-associated antigens, and isozyme composition.
An acidic protein found in the NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEM that functions as a molecular chaperone for PROPROTEIN CONVERTASE 2.
A 38-kDa integral membrane glycoprotein of the presynaptic vesicles in neuron and neuroendocrine cells. It is expressed by a variety of normal and neoplastic neuroendocrine cells and is therefore used as an immunocytochemical marker for neuroendocrine differentiation in various tumors. In ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementing disorders, there is an important synapse loss due in part to a decrease of synaptophysin in the presynaptic vesicles.
Neoplastic, inflammatory, infectious, and other diseases of the hypothalamus. Clinical manifestations include appetite disorders; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SLEEP DISORDERS; behavioral symptoms related to dysfunction of the LIMBIC SYSTEM; and neuroendocrine disorders.
A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Endocrine disorders are grouped into two categories: hormone imbalance - when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...