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Effect of Enteral Docosahexaenoic Acid Administration in Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

2014-08-27 03:16:34 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate if enteral docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) administration during the first three months of treatment reduces the deterioration of nutritional status, treatment toxicity and early mortality in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Description

Cancer is often associated with malnutrition.The most of children with cancer loss weight, and 50-80% of patients with cancer experience morbidity and mortality as a result of progressive wasting.

As a consequence of malnutrition, patients with cancer may have a poorer outcome, reduced effectiveness of chemotherapy and increased risk of chemotherapy-induced toxicity compared to those who are well nourished at diagnosis. On the other hand, in the recent years, there has been increased focus on the role of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and their effect on prevention and treatment of several diseases. The results of animal studies and adults with cancer have demonstrated that the consumption of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids can slow the growth of cancer, increase the efficacy of chemotherapy and reduce loss weight and the side effects of the chemotherapy.

Beneficial effects of enteral long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids has been reported in adults with cancer. However, in children with cancer the scientific reports are scarce; therefore, is necessary to evaluate if the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids administration in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia has the same effects on clinical and nutritional outcomes that have been previously showed by different studies in adults with cancer.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Intervention

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), Placebo

Location

Unit of Research in Nutrition, Pediatric Hospital, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Mexico
Distrito Federal
Mexico
06720

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Mexico

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:34-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A tyrosine kinase inhibitor and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that inhibits the BCR-ABL kinase created by chromosome rearrangements in CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA and ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA, as well as PDG-derived tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

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Enzyme that is a major constituent of kidney brush-border membranes and is also present to a lesser degree in the brain and other tissues. It preferentially catalyzes cleavage at the amino group of hydrophobic residues of the B-chain of insulin as well as opioid peptides and other biologically active peptides. The enzyme is inhibited primarily by EDTA, phosphoramidon, and thiorphan and is reactivated by zinc. Neprilysin is identical to common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA Antigen), an important marker in the diagnosis of human acute lymphocytic leukemia. There is no relationship with CALLA PLANT.

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and adolescents and characterized by a high number of lymphoblasts and solid tumor lesions. Frequent sites involve LYMPH NODES, skin, and bones. It most commonly presents as leukemia.

A rare acute myeloid leukemia characterized by abnormal EOSINOPHILS in the bone marrow.

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