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Deploy and utilize a novel body worn hand hygiene system that incorporates provider and group specific feedback allowing hand hygiene to occur directly within the patient environment. We hypothesize that by improving provider hand hygiene we will reduce health-care associated infection rates.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Body worn alcohol gel dispenser, 62% ethanol based hand cleanser, Educational component with regard to teaching CDC guidelines, Provider and group feedback
Dartmouth-HItchcock Medical Center
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:34-0400
Ethanol based hand sanitizers do not raise blood alcohol levels to a measurable amount. This study will determine to what extent, if any, heavy use of ABHS changes blood alcohol levels.
The purpose of this study is to find out if the use of a hand cleanser that adds moisture to the skin will help improve skin rashes caused by frequent hand washing (hand dermatitis).
Background: Procedures of hand hygiene are an important component in prevention of cross-transmission of infections in hospitals. In recent years, hand washing with antiseptic soap (chlorh...
This project represents a first step in examining the potential use of fish oil for the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD). The investigators will be testing for attenuation of alcoho...
The aim of the clinical trial is to study the intra-individual variation of steroid profile parameters after experimental administration of different doses of ethanol in Caucasian women.
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in hair are effective direct biomarkers of ethanol ingestion, whose analytical determination can be used to discriminate between chronic and...
Previous research demonstrated that urinary ethanol concentrations were significantly lower in hangover resistant individuals compared to drinkers who reported having a hangover. This finding suggests...
This 4-week open-label observational study describes the effect of introducing a microtablet dose dispenser and adjusting doses based on objective free-living motor symptom monitoring in individuals w...
The deleterious effects of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) on human health have been documented worldwide. The enormous socioeconomic burden coupled with lack of efficacious pharmacotherapies underlies t...
Preparations used as alternatives or supplements to hand washing with soap and water to destroy microorganisms and prevent transmission of pathogens. The active ingredient may be ETHANOL; 1-PROPANOL; or POVIDONE-IODINE in a gel, foam, or liquid solution.
A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)
An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include alcohol; NITROSAMINES; BENZENE; URETHANE; and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse.
A condition occurring in FETUS or NEWBORN due to in utero ETHANOL exposure when mother consumed alcohol during PREGNANCY. It is characterized by a cluster of irreversible BIRTH DEFECTS including abnormalities in physical, mental, and behavior development (such as FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; MENTAL RETARDATION; ATTENTION DEFICIT AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR DISORDERS) with varied degree of severity in an individual.
An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...