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This study aimed to evaluate serum thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) activity as a marker for solid tumors and more specifically in: preoperative testing for prediction of disease recurrence and survival; follow-up after surgical removal of the original tumor for early detection of disease recurrence and in monitoring therapy as a surrogate marker of tumor response.
Thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) is a metabolic enzyme catalyzing the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of thymidine to thymidine monophosphate followed by its utilization in DNA synthesis. It has been demonstrated that activity of TK1 in the serum of cancer patients corresponds to the amount of dividing tumor cells. Several clinical investigations clearly showed that abnormal TK1 levels indicate tumor growth. In breast cancer, serum TK1 was shown to predict increased risk of recurrence following surgery and may be a good marker for monitoring the response to therapy. The measurements of TK1 were useful as a prognostic and monitoring factor in patients with NSCLC. Unfortunately, all previously used assays measuring TK1 activity showed relatively low analytical sensitivity. Recently, the novel high sensitive non-radioactive TK1 assay (DiviTum) has been developed. With this assay tumour growth may be detected at an earlier stage of disease and smaller amounts of residual disease may be detected during and after therapy.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Hadassah Medical Organization
Hadassah Medical Organization
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:35-0400
The purpose of this study, the first clinical trial of JI-101, is to determine the maximum tolerated dose of JI-101 when given orally to patients with solid tumors. Safety, tolerability, ...
This aim of study to assess the safety and tolerability of SHR7390 and to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of SHR7390 in the patients with advanced solid tumors. To evaluate the ph...
This is a 4-part, open-label, Phase 1/1b, dose escalation study in pediatric patients with relapsed refractory solid tumors; 2) primary CNS tumors; 3) neuroblastoma; and 4) non-neuroblasto...
This study will determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose of ONO-7579 in patients with advanced solid tumors, and evaluate efficacy of ONO-7579 in patients with advanced solid tumors...
Study SL-801-0115 is a dose-escalation study evaluating multiple doses and schedules of orally administered SL-801 in patients with Advanced Solid Tumors
Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) has been reported to be overexpressed in a wide range of solid tumors, suggesting that DcR3 plays a crucial role in the development and progression of cancer. The present meta-...
As a treatment for solid tumors, dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy has not been as effective as expected. Here, we review the reasons underlying the limitations of DC-based immunotherapy for sol...
Studies have reported that Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 antisense 1 (ZEB1-AS1) is overexpressed in many malignant tumors. However, the sample size in those studies was limited, so the clinicop...
In cancer immunotherapy, cytotoxic T or NK cells need to engage cancer cells to initiate the killing. However, in clinical studies and in mouse models, some solid tumors are found with no lymphocytes....
While radioimmunotherapy (RIT) for the treatment of hematological malignancies such as indolent B-cell lymphoma has proven quite successful, clinical results of RIT in solid tumors have only been mode...
An alkylating agent of value against both hematologic malignancies and solid tumors.
An internationally recognized set of published rules used for evaluation of cancer treatment that define when tumors found in cancer patients improve, worsen, or remain stable during treatment. These criteria are based specifically on the response of the tumor(s) to treatment, and not on the overall health status of the patient resulting from treatment.
A smooth, solid or cystic fibroepithelial (FIBROEPITHELIAL NEOPLASMS) tumor, usually found in the OVARIES but can also be found in the adnexal region and the KIDNEYS. It consists of a fibrous stroma with nests of epithelial cells that sometimes resemble the transitional cells lining the urinary bladder. Brenner tumors generally are benign and asymptomatic. Malignant Brenner tumors have been reported.
A complex of related glycopeptide antibiotics from Streptomyces verticillus consisting of bleomycin A2 and B2. It inhibits DNA metabolism and is used as an antineoplastic, especially for solid tumors.
A group of methylazirinopyrroloindolediones obtained from certain Streptomyces strains. They are very toxic antibiotics used as ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS in some solid tumors. PORFIROMYCIN and MITOMYCIN are the most useful members of the group.
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...