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MRI Imaging of Labeled Human Islets Transplanted Into the Liver

2014-07-23 21:11:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of the study is to determine whether human islets labeled by iron contrast agents could be imaged using magnetic resonance after transplantation into the liver of Type 1 diabetic recipients.

Description

Islet transplantation represents approved therapeutic approach in selected Type 1 diabetic recipients with syndrome of hypoglycaemia unawareness. Existing imaging methods are not sufficient to provide adequate information about amount and fate of islets transplanted into the liver. Labeling of islets with superparamagnetic contrast agent ferucarbotran significantly shortens T2 relaxing time and therefore increase the contrast between islets and liver tissue in magnetic resonance imaging. In consequence, islets transplanted into liver could be easily detectable like hypotensive areas dispersed throughout the liver. MRI examination will be done on 1, 2, 4 weeks and 3, 6 and 12 months.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

Transplantation of labeled islets

Location

Diabetes Center, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Prague
Czech Republic
14000

Status

Recruiting

Source

Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:05-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe INSULIN RESISTANCE and LIPODYSTROPHY. The latter may be generalized, partial, acquired, or congenital (LIPODYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL GENERALIZED).

A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by excessive LIPOLYSIS, oxidation of FATTY ACIDS, production of KETONE BODIES, a sweet smell to the breath (KETOSIS;) DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.

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