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Cost Utility Analysis of Erythropoietin for Anemia Treatment in Hemodialysis Patients

2014-07-23 21:11:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To study the cost utility analysis of Erythropoietin (EPO) for maintaining the different hemoglobin (Hb) target levels in anemic hemodialysis patient in routine clinical practice.

Description

In Thailand, the studies that were conducted to find the most useful target Hb have not included the cost effectiveness and/or cost utility analyses. The level at which quality of life is maximized and risk is minimized would be the optimal target. Dialysis patients carry higher risk of death than general population. Anemia is the common complication found in dialysis patients that could lead to mortality. Risk of anemia is occurred in HD patients more than CAPD patients because blood loss is less marked and residual renal function maybe better preserved in patients who receive peritoneal dialysis.Although EPO has been included in the National List of Essential Drugs (NLED) for the treatment of anemia caused by end stage renal disease for maintaining the target hemoglobin but the cost of EPO is so expensive. Cost utility analysis is economic technique for assessing the efficiency of healthcare intervention measuring combined outcomes as the effectiveness, i.e., survival and quality of life in combination as quality adjusted life years (QALYs).This study is a benefit measure at the care giving level by using as a part of planning patient management program and at the policy level for decision making.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Chronic Renal Failure

Location

Siriraj Hospital
Bangkok
Thailand

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Mahidol University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:05-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

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Condition where a primary dysfunction of either heart or kidney results in failure of the other organ (e.g., HEART FAILURE with worsening RENAL INSUFFICIENCY).

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