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Effect of Docosahexaenoic Acid on the Inflammatory Response and Clinical Outcomes From Surgical Patients

2014-08-27 03:16:39 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate if enteral docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) administration attenuates the inflammatory cytokines and improve clinical outcomes in neonates who underwent cardiovascular surgery

Description

Severe sepsis and organ failure are leading causes of death in surgical patients. Several studies indicate that a causal relationship exists between the surgical or traumatic injury and the predisposition to develop septic/infectious complications and multiple organ failure; this is attributable to uncontrolled inflammatory response. Since neonates have an immature immune system, they are in a higher risk to develop uncontrolled inflammatory response and adverse clinical outcomes.

N-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (L-PUFAs) such as docosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids (EPA and DHA) have been shown to reduce the inflammatory response by reducing cytokines, infection rates and length of hospitalization in patients with abdominal surgery. Therefore, acute and enteral administration of DHA may improve clinical outcomes in neonates with cardiovascular surgery

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Severe Sepsis

Intervention

Docosahexaenoic acid, Placebo

Location

Unit of Research in Nutrition, Pediatric Hospital, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Mexico
Distrito Federal
Mexico
06720

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Mexico

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:39-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.

Acute neurological dysfunction during severe SEPSIS in the absence of direct brain infection characterized by systemic inflammation and BLOOD BRAIN BARRIER perturbation.

Prostaglandin-like compounds produced by free radical-induced peroxidation of DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACIDS, which are highly enriched in the brain. Formation is analogous to ISOPROSTANES formation from ARACHIDONIC ACID.

The presence of fungi circulating in the blood. Opportunistic fungal sepsis is seen most often in immunosuppressed patients with severe neutropenia or in postoperative patients with intravenous catheters and usually follows prolonged antibiotic therapy.

Blood infection that occurs in an infant younger than 90 days old. Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life and most often appears within 24 hours of birth. Late-onset occurs after 1 week and before 3 months of age.

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