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We aim to test our method for measuring chemosensitivity (the ventilatory response to a change in carbon dioxide), which uses sinusoidal carbon dioxide stimuli.
- Carbon dioxide sensitivity is dependent on the cycle time over which we administer the gas (frequency).
- Chemoreflex gain decreases as deadspace increases.
We will apply a new method for the measurement of chemosensitivity (how sensitive a person is to changes in carbon dioxide), which is one of the principle determinants of whether people with heart failure develop abnormal breathing patterns We have shown in a pilot study that administering sinusoidal patterns of inspired carbon dioxide produces similar sinusoidal responses in ventilation. We aim to test our method for measuring chemosensitivity, which uses sinusoidal carbon dioxide stimuli (similar to those that drive the oscillations in ventilation found in periodic breathing). We aim to show that how the cycle time of carbon dioxide administered affects the resulting ventilatory oscillations and therefore that when measuring the chemoreflex clinically, it is important to deliver carbon dioxide stimuli that replicate the cycle time of oscillations in carbon dioxide seen in periodic breathing (typically approximately one minute).
Control: Historical Control, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
St Mary's Hospital
Imperial College London
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:07-0400
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An enzyme with high affinity for carbon dioxide. It catalyzes irreversibly the formation of oxaloacetate from phosphoenolpyruvate and carbon dioxide. This fixation of carbon dioxide in several bacteria and some plants is the first step in the biosynthesis of glucose. EC 184.108.40.206.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
A family of zinc-containing enzymes that catalyze the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. They play an important role in the transport of CARBON DIOXIDE from the tissues to the LUNG. EC 220.127.116.11.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
Catalyzes the decarboxylation of an alpha keto acid to an aldehyde and carbon dioxide. Thiamine pyrophosphate is an essential cofactor. In lower organisms, which ferment glucose to ethanol and carbon dioxide, the enzyme irreversibly decarboxylates pyruvate to acetaldehyde. EC 18.104.22.168.