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In the United States, cardiovascular disease causes over one-third of all deaths and vitamin D deficiency is an epidemic. An increasing body of data suggests that low vitamin D status adversely impacts the cardiovascular system. It is our fundamental hypothesis that vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease by causing endothelial dysfunction. Moreover, we hypothesize that vitamin D supplementation will restore endothelial function, thereby reducing cardiovascular disease risk.
This pilot research will be conducted in 64 post-menopausal women participating in an existing study of vitamin D supplementation (32 will receive vitamin D3 2,500 IU daily, the others matching placebo) and will explore the effects of vitamin D on endothelial function and arterial reactivity. Post-menopausal women aged 55-65 years are chosen due to their highest risk for development of a subsequent new cardiovascular disease diagnosis. All study participants will have fasting laboratory and noninvasive vascular ultrasound studies performed at baseline and four months later. The primary outcome measure of this pilot study is change in markers of endothelial function and arterial stiffness with vitamin D3 therapy. If our hypotheses are correct, our long-term goals include investigation of the effect of vitamin D repletion on subclinical atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular events.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Vitamin D3, Placebo
University of Wisconsin Osteoporosis Clinical and Research Program
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:10:19-0400
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A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
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