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The purpose of this study is to determine whether Lactobacillus acidophilus/rhamnosus complex is effective in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) in the elderly.
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is a common adverse drug reaction, occurring in 5-35% of patients, and is of significant consequence to hospitalized patients. Patients who develop AAD are more likely to experience a longer hospital stay, incur higher medical costs, and develop other co-morbidities. Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) accounts for approximately 15-25% of AAD cases and is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized geriatric patients.
A preventative measure that has been suggested for AAD and CDI is the use of probiotics. Although probiotics have been used for a wide range of indications, including the prevention and treatment of AAD and CDI, there is lack of data regarding efficacy of these products.
Hospitalized elderly patients are at significant risk of developing AAD and CDI and prevention of AAD and CDI in this population may contribute to a reduction in morbidity, length of hospital stay, medical costs, and potentially mortality.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Lactobacillus acidophilus/rhamnosus, Placebo
General Medicine Unit 4 A/B at Victoria General Hospital, Vancouver Island Health Authority
Not yet recruiting
Vancouver Island Health Authority
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:10:20-0400
In this trial we test the hypothesis that a probiotic containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus rhamnosus is an effective therapy for patients with ulcerative colitis.
Main research Question: The investigators would like to find out if both the Bio-K (lactobacillus acidophilus and lactobacillus casei) drink and capsule are equally effective in the preven...
The purpose of this study is to asses whether probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus (GR-1) and reuteri (RC-14) are able to prevent diarrhea, delay the decline of the immune system and prevent...
We aimed to assess the efficacy of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus rhamnosus in the reduction of bacterial load of H. pylori and in the modification of gut microbiotia in this ...
In this trial, the investigators aim to assess the effectiveness of a multispecies probiotic consisting of 2 strains of Bifidobacterium (B. bifidum W23, B. lactis W51) and 6 strains of Lac...
In the vagina of healthy reproductive-aged women, several microbial species maintain a finely tuned mutualistic relationship with the host providing the first-line of defense against the colonization ...
This study investigated the role of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG on bone loss and local and systemic inflammation in an in vivo mouse model of experimental periodontitis.
Clinically proven Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LBKV-3 intended as probiotc for human was used to test its effect on fecal residual lactase activity in undernourished children below 10 years. The ...
Intestinal dysbiosis has been described in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and probiotics have been proposed to restore microbial composition. Aim of the study was to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus rha...
Anti-Fusarium activities of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) Lactobacillus plantarum 299V, L. plantarum NRRL-4496, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus VT1 were determined by a microdilution assay developed in this ...
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of humans and animals, the human mouth, and vagina. This organism produces the fermented product, acidophilus milk.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria used in PROBIOTICS.
A slightly acid milk food produced by fermentation due to the combined action of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus.
A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the human GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and ORAL MUCOSA. It produces BACTERIOCINS and is used as a PROBIOTIC.
A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the human GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and VAGINA. It produces BACTERIOCINS and HYDROGEN PEROXIDE and is used as a PROBIOTIC.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Clostridium difficile (CDI)
A clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a type of bacterial infection that can affect the digestive system. It most commonly affects people who are staying in hospital. The symptoms of CDI can range from mild to severe and include: diarrhoe...