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Efficacy and Safety of Lactobacillus Acidophilus/Rhamnosus Combination for the Prevention of Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea in the Elderly

2014-07-24 14:10:20 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether Lactobacillus acidophilus/rhamnosus complex is effective in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) in the elderly.

Description

Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is a common adverse drug reaction, occurring in 5-35% of patients, and is of significant consequence to hospitalized patients. Patients who develop AAD are more likely to experience a longer hospital stay, incur higher medical costs, and develop other co-morbidities. Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) accounts for approximately 15-25% of AAD cases and is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized geriatric patients.

A preventative measure that has been suggested for AAD and CDI is the use of probiotics. Although probiotics have been used for a wide range of indications, including the prevention and treatment of AAD and CDI, there is lack of data regarding efficacy of these products.

Hospitalized elderly patients are at significant risk of developing AAD and CDI and prevention of AAD and CDI in this population may contribute to a reduction in morbidity, length of hospital stay, medical costs, and potentially mortality.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Diarrhea

Intervention

Lactobacillus acidophilus/rhamnosus, Placebo

Location

General Medicine Unit 4 A/B at Victoria General Hospital, Vancouver Island Health Authority
Victoria
British Columbia
Canada
V8Z 6R5

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Vancouver Island Health Authority

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:10:20-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of humans and animals, the human mouth, and vagina. This organism produces the fermented product, acidophilus milk.

A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria used in PROBIOTICS.

A slightly acid milk food produced by fermentation due to the combined action of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus.

A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the human GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and ORAL MUCOSA. It produces BACTERIOCINS and is used as a PROBIOTIC.

A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the human GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and VAGINA. It produces BACTERIOCINS and HYDROGEN PEROXIDE and is used as a PROBIOTIC.

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