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Educating Missouri Patients About Preemptive Living Donor Transplantation

2014-08-27 03:16:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study is a group-randomized controlled trial to explore whether improved community transplant education for renal patients not yet on dialysis could increase patients' willingness to pursue preemptive living donor transplant (PLDT) and PLDT rates.

Description

Preemptive living donor transplant (PLDT), where renal patients get a living donor transplant before their kidneys fail, has better graft survival and lower mortality rates than living donor transplant following dialysis. However, not all renal patients and their living donors know about or consider living donation before a patient starts dialysis; To date, patients and donors presenting for PLDT are more likely to be Caucasian, of higher socioeconomic status, and more knowledgeable about transplant. To reach all patients newly diagnosed with kidney disease, the Missouri Kidney Program conducts a community Patient Education Program (PEP) outlining patients' transplant and dialysis options. Since 1994, approximately 2000 Missouri patients newly diagnosed with kidney disease and their family members have attended 2-day PEP classes. However, the current PEP transplant module does not significantly increase patients' willingness to pursue PLDT. Through a previous HRSA grant, Dr. Waterman designed the "Explore Transplant" education program based on Prochaska's Transtheoretical Model of Behavioral Change and her previous research to address key gaps in patients' living donation knowledge and to motivate patients to consider living donation. If funded, this study would conduct a group-randomized controlled trial to explore whether improved community transplant education for renal patients not yet on dialysis could increase patients' willingness to pursue PLDT and PLDT rates. Secondary objectives of the study are: (2) to increase rural and minority patients' access to transplant education, and (3) to describe racial, social, economic, and other influences affecting patients' PLDT willingness. The study design is a group-randomized controlled trial of 300 patients in 30 PEP classes in St. Louis, Springfield, and Kansas City, MO; patients and their family members in 15 classes will be randomized to receive the "Explore Transplant" education module, while 15 control classes will receive the traditional PEP transplant education. Across the education and control PEP classes we will compare: (1) increased willingness to pursue PLDT using baseline and follow-up attitudinal patient surveys, and (2) rates of living donation by tracking whether patients and their living donors present to any Missouri transplant center. At the conclusion of the study, we will have learned important information about how to reach and educate patients who have not yet begun dialysis and have developed a PLDT program that could be utilized in physicians' offices and by other organizations serving renal patients to increase living donation rates.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Chronic Kidney Disease

Intervention

Transplant education with video, Transplant education with speakers

Location

Missouri Kidney Program
Overland Park
Kansas
United States
66212

Status

Recruiting

Source

Washington University School of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:40-0400

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Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...

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