Slow Paced-Respiration Intervention to Reduce Incontinence Trial (SPIRIT)

2014-08-27 03:16:40 | BioPortfolio


Urgency incontinence is a common and burdensome problem in women. Current treatments for this condition, while effective, are associated with potentially disabling side effects and high rates of discontinuation. There is an urgent need for alternate treatments for urgency incontinence that are both clinically effective and well-tolerated by women in the community.

RESPeRATE is a commercially available "walkman-like" device that measures chest/abdominal excursion during respiration using an elastic belt with a sensor placed around the torso over clothing. The device senses respiration and uses musical tones keyed to inhalation and exhalation to help the user slow respiration and prolong exhalation to a recommended goal of less than 10 breaths per minute. RESPeRATE is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of mild hypertension, and use of the device has also been shown to decrease self-reported anxiety and stress, oxygen consumption, and respiratory rate. Because anxiety and stress are strongly associated with urgency incontinence, and common behavioral strategies for managing incontinence emphasize relaxation and slow breathing at the time of an urgency episode, paced respiration may also be useful in treating urgency incontinence and/or decreasing its burden on quality of life.

We propose to conduct a 6-week pilot randomized controlled trial of slow paced respiration using the RESPeRATE device among 30 women with urgency incontinence to assess the feasibility of recruiting and teaching women to use the RESPeRATE device as well as to gather preliminary data on the efficacy of slow paced respiration for treatment of urgency incontinence and related symptoms. Participants will complete a 7-day voiding diary and complete questionnaires to measure outcome.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Urinary Incontinence, Urge


RESPeRATE, Urinary Incontinence Pamphlet


UCSF-Mt. Zion Women's Health Clinical Research Center
San Francisco
United States




University of California, San Francisco

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:40-0400

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