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Glucose-dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide - New Role as Blood Glucose Stabilizer?

2014-08-27 03:16:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) has a stabilizing function on the blood glucose

Description

The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of GIP on the glucagon secretion during hyper-, eu- and hypoglycemia in healthy volunteers, patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

From this, we will evaluate GIP's role as blood sugar stabilizer.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, Placebo

Location

Department of Internal Medicine F' laboratory
Hellerup
Copenhagen County
Denmark
2900

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Gentofte, Copenhagen

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:41-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pyrazine-derived DIPEPTIDYL-PEPTIDASE IV INHIBITOR and HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENT that increases the levels of the INCRETIN hormones GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). It is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).

A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).

The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.

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