Advertisement

Topics

The Effects of High and Low GI Breakfasts on Cognitive Performance in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

2014-08-27 03:16:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Consumption of a low glycemic index (GI) diet has been shown to improve glycaemic control in type 2 diabetics(Brand−Miller et al., 2003; Jenkins et al., 2008). In addition to the benefits for glycaemic control there is some evidence for acute improvements in cognitive performance after consumption of low GI foods compared with high GI foods in both adults (Benton et al., 2003; Kaplan et al., 2000) and adolescents (Ingwersen et al., 2007; Smith and Foster, 2008).

Given these findings it is possible that low GI focused dietary interventions designed to improve glycaemic control and health outcomes for diabetic patients could also improve the cognitive function of these patients. This is of particular relevance in light of the evidence associating type 2 diabetes with cognitive decrements (Awad et al., 2004; Stewart and Loilitsa 1999; van Harten et al., 2006). To date two studies with type 2 diabetics have reported that a low GI breakfast was associated with increased verbal memory performance compared to a high GI breakfast (Greenwood et al., 2003; Papanikolaou et al. 2006). Further research should investigate the benefit of low GI foods to cognition.

The aim of this study is to examine the effects of high and low glycaemic index breakfast on cognitive performance in adults with type 2 diabetes. Participants will perform a battery of cognitive tests after consuming 3 different breakfasts (high GI, low GI, and water) on 3 different tests days. The participants will be recruited from the general public and from the Leeds Teaching Hospital diabetes clinic.

This research can benefit the development of specific dietary behaviours aimed at reducing diabetes related cognitive decline. This research is part of a PhD funded by the Economic and Social Research Council and the University of Leeds.

Description

The study will conform to a randomised mixed design. Both the diabetic experimental group and the control group will take part in three conditions whereby participants will receive a high GI, a low GI, or a water breakfast delivered in a counterbalanced order. Participants will then perform the battery of cognitive tests on 2 occasions throughout the morning; 30 minutes after breakfast and 180 minutes after breakfast. Blood glucose will be measured from capillary finger-prick blood samples using diabetic glucose meters throughout the morning.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Type 2 Diabetes

Location

Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, UK
Leeds
West Yorkshire
United Kingdom
LS2 9JT

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Leeds

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:41-0400

Clinical Trials [4110 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Cohort Study of Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

This study aims to clarify the underlying hereditary and autoimmune factors that contribute to clinical type 1 diabetes and gain a better understanding of the natural history of the diseas...

Electrocardiographic Modifications and Spontaneous Hypoglycemic Episodes in Type 1 Diabetes

The population of type 1 diabetes patients with cardiovascular disease is increasing and this study aims to explore the electrocardiographic changes that are associated with spontaneous hy...

Implementation of A Patient Centered Self-Management Program for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Translational study based on the American Association of Diabetes Educators 7 behaviors to manage Type 2 diabetes

ECG Changes Including QT Dispersion and Corrected QT Prolongation in Children and Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus type 1 is characterized by an absolute insulin deficiency caused by T-cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of pancreatic β-cells . It is the predominant form of diabetes...

Estrogen and Diabetes

Diabetes has recently been referred to as "the epidemic of the 21st century". The reason why women with type 1 diabetes have a 2-3 fold greater risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) compare...

PubMed Articles [9250 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association of Gestational Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Exposure In Utero With the Development of Type 2 Diabetes in First Nations and Non-First Nations Offspring.

Type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide, disproportionately affecting First Nations (FN) people. Identifying early-life determinants of type 2 diabetes is important to address the intergenerational bu...

Treatment of type 2 diabetes: future approaches.

Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for ~90% of all diabetes, is a heterogeneous and progressive disease with a variety of causative and potentiating factors. The hyperglycaemia of type 2 diabetes is ofte...

Depression and diabetes distress in adults with type 2 diabetes: results from the Australian National Diabetes Audit (ANDA) 2016.

This study explores the prevalence of, and factors associated with, likely depression and diabetes distress in adults with type 2 diabetes in a large, national sample. Australian National Diabetes Aud...

Comorbidity Type and Health Care Costs in Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Claims Database Analysis.

Previous studies suggest that the type and combination of comorbidities may impact diabetes care, but their cost implications are less clear. This study characterized how diabetes patients' health car...

Diabetes remission and relapse after metabolic surgery.

Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are prevalent all over the world. Obese patients with more visceral fat are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and obs...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that it is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .

Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

More From BioPortfolio on "The Effects of High and Low GI Breakfasts on Cognitive Performance in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Diabetes
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...


Searches Linking to this Trial