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Exercise for Stable Myasthenia Gravis

2014-08-27 03:16:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Generalized fatigue in myasthenia gravis results in physical deconditioning that reduces fitness and increases risk of obesity, hypertension, elevated cholesterol and type 2 diabetes. This study will examine how active and fit are 30 individuals with chronic, generalized myasthenic subjects. This study will also determine whether a 3 month home exercise program with aerobic, resistive, and pulmonary training can improve physical activity, strength, fitness, lung function and reduce cardiovascular disease risk.

Description

Generalized fatigue in myasthenia gravis results in a sedentary lifestyle and profound physical deconditioning, leading to reduced fitness and increased risk of obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes. This study will characterize the activity and fitness levels and cardiovascular disease risk profile in 30 chronic, generalized myasthenic subjects. Hypotheses are that a) subjects with myasthenia gravis are physically inactive with reduced fitness level and high incidence of obesity and poor cardiovascular disease risk profile, and b) a 3 month multi-modal home exercise program that includes aerobic, resistive, and pulmonary training components will improve physical activity, strength, fitness, dyspnea, body composition and reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Specific aims are to a) define the baseline physical activity and fitness levels and prevalence of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in stable sedentary myasthenic subjects, b) determine whether a 3 month moderate intensity home exercise program is safe and feasible in deconditioned, stable myasthenic subjects and c) whether a 3 month comprehensive home exercise program can enhance fitness, strength, and lung function to improve physical activity and reduce cardiovascular disease risk.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Myasthenia Gravis

Intervention

Exercise

Location

University of Maryland and Baltimore VA Medical Center
Baltimore
Maryland
United States
21201

Status

Recruiting

Source

Baltimore VA Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:41-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disorder of neuromuscular transmission that occurs in a minority of newborns born to women with myasthenia gravis. Clinical features are usually present at birth or develop in the first 3 days of life and consist of hypotonia and impaired respiratory, suck, and swallowing abilities. This condition is associated with the passive transfer of acetylcholine receptor antibodies through the placenta. In the majority of infants the myasthenic weakness resolves (i.e., transient neonatal myasthenia gravis) although this disorder may rarely continue beyond the neonatal period (i.e., persistent neonatal myasthenia gravis). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p823; Neurology 1997 Jan;48(1):50-4)

Any autoimmune animal disease model used in the study of MYASTHENIA GRAVIS. Injection with purified neuromuscular junction acetylcholine receptor (AChR) (see RECEPTORS, CHOLINERGIC) components results in a myasthenic syndrome that has acute and chronic phases. The motor endplate pathology, loss of acetylcholine receptors, presence of circulating anti-AChR antibodies, and electrophysiologic changes make this condition virtually identical to human myasthenia gravis. Passive transfer of AChR antibodies or lymphocytes from afflicted animals to normals induces passive transfer experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch 54, p3)

Experimental animal models for human AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME (see NEURITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); MYASTHENIA GRAVIS (see MYASTHENIA GRAVIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); and MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (see ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL).

A rapid-onset, short-acting cholinesterase inhibitor used in cardiac arrhythmias and in the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis. It has also been used as an antidote to curare principles.

A cholinesterase inhibitor with a slightly longer duration of action than NEOSTIGMINE. It is used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and to reverse the actions of muscle relaxants.

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