Bupropion for the Treatment of Apathy in Alzheimer's Dementia

2014-08-27 03:16:45 | BioPortfolio


Apathy in dementia prevents successful application of non-pharmacological treatments, accelerates cognitive and functional decline and increases disease-related costs by earlier need for full-time care. Apathy is a distinct entity and occurs independently of other neuropsychiatric syndromes, like depression.

Today, there is no high-level evidence for any effective treatment of apathy in AD. In contrast to other neuropsychiatric syndromes in AD, like psychosis and depression, and despite its high prevalence and clinical relevance, apathy has never been the primary outcome in a clinical trial. Basic and clinical research has provided a distinct model of the pathophysiology of apathy with dopamine and norepinephrine as the key neurotransmitter systems involved. The antidepressant Bupropion is a dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. There is evidence from case-series, that Bupropion reduces apathy in patients with organic brain disorders. This study will test the efficacy and safety of Bupropion in the treatment of apathy in AD in a 12-week multicenter doubleblind placebo controlled trial. Secondary endpoints will be quality of life of patients, caregivers' distress, ability of patients to perform activities of daily living,utilization of healthcare resources by patients and by caregivers, and cognitive functions.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Apathy in Dementia


Elontril, placebo


Department of Psychiatry, University Bonn




University Hospital, Bonn

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:45-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.

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Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.

Lack of emotion or emotional expression; a disorder of motivation that persists over time.

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