Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Nosocomial diarrhea is any diarrhea that a patient contracts in a health-care institution. In children, it is commonly caused by enteric pathogens, especially rotavirus. The reported incidence ranges from 4.5 to 22.6 episodes per 100 admissions. Nosocomial diarrhea may prolong the hospital stay and increase medical costs. One of the potential strategies for the prevention of nosocomial infections is the use of probiotics. The number of studies have shown the efficacy of Lactobacillus reuteri (DSM 17938) in the treatment of acute diarrhea. However, there are no data on the efficacy of L. reuteri in the prevention of nosocomial diarrhea. The investigators, therefore, plan to perform the study with the aim of evaluating the role of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 administration in the prevention of nosocomial gastroenteritis in a pediatric hospital setting.
Infants will be randomly assigned at admission to receive L. reuteri in dose of 10(8) CFU in 5 drops of oil suspension or a comparable placebo once daily for the entire duration of their hospital stay.
Patients will be evaluated daily for stool number and consistency. In case of loose or watery stools occurring within 3 days after discharge, patients will be advised to contact hospital physicians. Stool samples obtained weekly and during an episode of diarrhea, will be analyzed for bacteria with standard stool cultures and rotavirus and adenovirus antigen.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Lactobacillus reuteri (DSM 17938)
The Medical University of Warsaw, Department of Paediatrics
Warsaw Medical University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:46-0400
The investigators propose a Phase II interventional trial to investigate the role of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 on the intestinal motility and immune response of premature infants and...
Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is one of the most common diseases among children. Oral rehydration therapy is the key treatment. According to the 2014 guidelines developed by the ESPGHAN prob...
Recent studies showed that intestinal microbiota consist more than thousand bacteria, and these microorganisms play the role as balance and continuity of the anatomical and functional inte...
RCT to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 to significantly reduce the duration of crying time and fussines in infants from 15days to 4 months of age with c...
RCT to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 16666 & Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 to significantly modify the frequency of clinical or bacteriological cure in wo...
Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 (LR 17938) has been shown to reduce the incidence and severity of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). It is unclear if preventing NEC by LR 17938 is mediated by toll-like ...
We hypothesized that giving the probiotic strain Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) DSM 17938 to preterm, formula-fed infants would prevent an early traumatic intestinal inflammatory insult modulating...
Functional regurgitation (FR) is common in early infancy and represents a major drain on healthcare resources. This double-blind, randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of a formula cont...
Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus infection that results in pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and in severe cases, sepsis, has recently been classified as a serious threat to public health. Rapid ...
The small intestine plays an essential role in the health and well-being of animals. Previous studies have shown that Lactobacillus has a protective effect on intestinal morphology, intestinal epithel...
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped LACTIC ACID bacteria found naturally in the human intestinal flora and BREAST MILK.
A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the human GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and ORAL MUCOSA. It produces BACTERIOCINS and is used as a PROBIOTIC.
A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the human GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and VAGINA. It produces BACTERIOCINS and HYDROGEN PEROXIDE and is used as a PROBIOTIC.
A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in fermented meat and fish. It produces the BACTERIOCIN Sakacin P and is used for FOOD PRESERVATION and as a PROBIOTIC.
A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the human ORAL MUCOSA; GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT; and VAGINA. It produces BACTERIOCINS, can modulate the immune response, and is used as a PROBIOTIC.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...