Early Menopause Hormone Treatment and Cognition

2014-08-27 03:16:46 | BioPortfolio


The objective of this study is to evaluate the neurobiological effects of hormone therapy (HT) in healthy early postmenopausal women. The studies proposed in this project seek to define the association between different hormone forms (estradiol only and progesterone only) versus placebo on brain functional measures. The functional measures will include the performance of the volunteers on a comprehensive neuropsychological testing battery, and the brain functional responses to episodic memory (verbal and non-verbal) challenges as well as emotional processing determined with fMRI.


Specific Aims

Aim 1. To examine the effects of estradiol alone on brain functioning in early post-menopausal women during verbal and non-verbal cognitive tasks.

Hypothesis: It is expected that with estradiol treatment brain activation will be more prominent in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortical areas compared to placebo. The magnitude of activation in these regions will be positively correlated with task performance in the scanner and with the results of neuropsychological tests assessing verbal and non-verbal delayed recall.

Aim 2. To determine the effects of progesterone alone on brain functioning in early postmenopausal women during verbal and non-verbal cognitive tasks.

Hypothesis: It is expected that with progesterone treatment brain activation in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortical areas will be decreased compared to both the placebo condition (within subjects) and the estradiol condition (between subjects). Interindividual variations in the magnitude of activation in these regions will be positively correlated with task performance in the scanner and with the results of neuropsychological tests assessing verbal and non-verbal delayed recall.

Aim 3. To determine the individual effects of estradiol and progesterone on brain functioning in early postmenopausal women during emotional processing stimuli.

Hypothesis: During negative stimuli estradiol-treated women compared to placebo group, are expected to have increased activity in the amygdala, posterior cingulate, and orbitofrontal cortex, while in progesterone-treated women compared to placebo, decreased activity is expected in these brain regions.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment




Estradiol (E2), Progesterone (P10)


University of Michigan Medical Center
Ann Arbor
United States




University of Michigan Health System

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Generally refers to the 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids. In humans, it is produced primarily by the cyclic ovaries and the PLACENTA. It is also produced by the adipose tissue of men and postmenopausal women. The 17-alpha-isomer of estradiol binds weakly to estrogen receptors (RECEPTORS, ESTROGEN) and exhibits little estrogenic activity in estrogen-responsive tissues. Various isomers can be synthesized.

Specific proteins found in or on cells of progesterone target tissues that specifically combine with progesterone. The cytosol progesterone-receptor complex then associates with the nucleic acids to initiate protein synthesis. There are two kinds of progesterone receptors, A and B. Both are induced by estrogen and have short half-lives.

Steroidal compounds related to ESTRADIOL, the major mammalian female sex hormone. Estradiol congeners include important estradiol precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with estrogenic activities.

An aromatized C18 steroid with a 3-hydroxyl group and a 17-ketone, a major mammalian estrogen. It is converted from ANDROSTENEDIONE directly, or from TESTOSTERONE via ESTRADIOL. In humans, it is produced primarily by the cyclic ovaries, PLACENTA, and the ADIPOSE TISSUE of men and postmenopausal women.

Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.

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