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Myo-Inositol is classified as a member of the vitamin B complex. It is a constituent of living cells and is widespread in many food. It is involved in a number of biological processes, including insulin signal transduction, resulting in modulating insulin sensitivity. One hundred post-menopausal women from 50 to 60 years old, affected by metabolic syndrome (criteria are described in NIH ATP III) will be randomized into two groups: 50 treated with myo-inositol 2 g twice per day and fifty treated with metformin for six months. Metformin is the drug usually used in diabetic and pre-diabetic conditions, as metabolic syndrome. The investigators hypothesize that the administration of myo-inositol would improve the insulin-receptor activity in these women, reducing insulin resistance as well as metformin.
OUTCOME MEASURE: HOMA-IR, blood pressure level, serum triglycerides and cholesterol, BMI and waist circumference
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
University of Messina
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:10-0400
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of increasing the proportion of D-chiro-inositol (DCI) in a combination with myo-inositol (MYO) in improving fertility in women with ...
The purpose of this study was to study the effect of different combinations of fenofibrate and metformin on the cluster of metabolic syndrome (MetS) biochemical abnormalities, and to deter...
Myoinositol (MI) and D-chiro inositol (DCI) are isomeric forms of inositol that were found to have insulin-like properties, acting as second messengers in the insulin intracellular pathway...
PCOS patients are initially treated with 2 g myo-inositol and 0.2 mg folic acid, two times per day by oral route, for three months. Among them, the subjects who have not ovulated despite t...
Metformin has been used for alleviating metabolic abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia. Until now, the lowest dose of metformin to treat metabolic abnormalities in clozapine-treate...
The aim of this review is to present the current data about the role of inositols in the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women and in the prevention and treatment of gestational diabete...
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterised by infrequent or absent ovulation, and high levels of androgens and insulin (hyperinsulinaemia). Hyperinsulinaemia occurs secondary to insulin resista...
Worldwide, metformin is prescribed in an attempt to improve pregnancy outcome in PCOS. Metformin may also benefit future health by modulating the increased metabolic stress during pregnancy.
Communities eating a western-like diet, rich in fat, sugar and significantly deprived of fibers, share a relevant increased risk of both metabolic and cancerous diseases. Even more remarkable is that ...
Inositol polyphosphates are a diverse and multifaceted class of intracellular messengers omnipresent in eukaryotic cells. These water-soluble molecules regulate many aspects of fundamental cell physio...
Phosphoinositide phosphatases that catalyze the removal of the 5' phosphate from INOSITOL 1,4,5-TRISPHOSPHATE or myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate, resulting in inositol 1,4-bisphosphate and phosphate. They have important functions in the metabolism of INOSITOL PHOSPHATES and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate signaling pathways such as CALCIUM SIGNALING.
An isomer of glucose that has traditionally been considered to be a B vitamin although it has an uncertain status as a vitamin and a deficiency syndrome has not been identified in man. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1379) Inositol phospholipids are important in signal transduction.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Intracellular receptors that bind to INOSITOL 1,4,5-TRISPHOSPHATE and play an important role in its intracellular signaling. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors are calcium channels that release CALCIUM in response to increased levels of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate in the CYTOPLASM.
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...