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Safety Study of Adjuvant Gemcitabine Started One Week After Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy for Adenocarcinoma

2014-08-27 03:16:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

We believe that laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for cancer allows quicker recovery and significantly reduces the chances of postoperative wound breakdown. This will shorten the wait time required to begin adjuvant therapy to one week after surgery thereby combating the micrometastasis unseen at the time of surgery. Prognosis for patients with pancreatic cancer will therefore improve along with decreasing the incidence of locoregional recurrence.

Description

Gemcitabine-based chemo¬therapy remains the cornerstone for treatment of locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer. Other novel chemotherapeutic combinations have been investigated in clinical trials, but the overall conclusions are that these agents have failed to improve outcomes. Our hypothesis is that nodal and hematologic micrometastasis make pancreas cancer a systemic problem at the time of surgery. Waiting the traditional six weeks to begin adjuvant therapy allows this very aggressive cancer to metastasize while the patient is waiting to begin therapy. This leads to the increased incidence of locoregional recurrence and poor prognosis. We believe that laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for cancer allows quicker recovery and significantly reduces the chances of postoperative wound breakdown. This will shorten the wait time required to begin adjuvant therapy to one week after surgery thereby combating the micrometastasis unseen at the time of surgery. Prognosis for patients with pancreatic cancer will therefore improve along with decreasing the incidence of locoregional recurrence.

Methods: We will perform a prospective, non-randomized phase II study with patients undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Gemcitabine will be given as a single-agent chemotherapy regimen one week following laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy according to the protocol designed by our medical oncologist. Six cycles of gemcitabine will be given. The patients will be followed in the medical oncology clinic weekly. Our Primary outcome variable will be all cause postoperative morbidity. Our sample size will be small (6-10 patients) as this is a Phase II study. Early termination rules include development of prohibitive toxicity or death. Our endpoints are an improvement in overall survival, quality of life, progression free survival, or disease free survival. Exclusion criteria will include patients with T4 or M1 disease, R2 resection margin, preoperative therapy, or if adjuvant therapy status was unknown.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pancreatic Neoplasms

Intervention

Gemcitabine/Gemzar, Laparoscopic Distal pancreatectomy

Location

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore
Maryland
United States
21231

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:47-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.

Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.

A 36-amino acid peptide produced by the L cells of the distal small intestine and colon. Peptide YY inhibits gastric and pancreatic secretion.

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