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Effect of Icodextrin on the Treatment Outcome of Peritoneal Dialysis Patients During Acute Peritonitis

2014-08-27 03:16:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The objective of the present study is to evaluate the a prior hypothesis that treatment with icodextrin during acute peritonitis would improve the treatment outcomes of peritonitis complicating peritoneal dialysis. The safety and effectiveness of icodextrin for decreasing glucose exposure, extent and severity of peritonitis will be evaluated in the setting of acute peritonitis complicating peritoneal dialysis among patients who are not receiving icodextrin.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Peritonitis

Intervention

Icodextrin, glucose-based peritoneal dialysate

Location

Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Shatin
New Territories
Hong Kong
SAR

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:51-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.

A form of PERITONITIS seen in patients with TUBERCULOSIS, characterized by lesion either as a miliary form or as a pelvic mass on the peritoneal surfaces. Most patients have ASCITES, abdominal swelling, ABDOMINAL PAIN, and other systemic symptoms such as FEVER; WEIGHT LOSS; and ANEMIA.

Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.

Disorder characterized by a wide range of structural changes in PERITONEUM, resulting from fibrogenic or inflammatory processes. Peritoneal fibrosis is a common complication in patients receiving PERITONEAL DIALYSIS and contributes to its gradual decrease in efficiency.

Natural openings in the subdiaphragmatic lymphatic plexus in the PERITONEUM, delimited by adjacent mesothelial cells. Peritoneal stomata constitute the principal pathways for the drainage of intraperitoneal contents from the PERITONEAL CAVITY to the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.

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