Peer Education, Exercising and Eating Right - Obesity Prevention in Freshmen Women

2014-08-27 03:16:52 | BioPortfolio


Project PEER utilizes a randomized controlled study design to investigate the combined effects of an exercise and nutrition intervention that is based on self-efficacy principles and delivered primarily by peer educators to reduce the risk for obesity in female college freshman over one academic year (N = 300). The control group will receive minimal interaction from the research team, paralleling the typical freshman experience on the UIUC campus. Recruitment will take place in two waves (consecutive fall terms with n = 150).

During the final year (Fall 2010) of the project, a General Education course will be offered that targets weight management. Importantly, the discussion groups for this course will be taught by peer educators trained using the peer resources further refined during the PEER project. In addition to conventional measures of content knowledge assessed in the college classroom when obtaining class credit, personal physical activity and nutrition behaviors along with behavioral determinants (self-efficacy, self-regulatory skills and outcome expectations) will also be assessed.

Primary Aim 1: To determine the effectiveness of a peer-delivered self efficacy-based behavioral intervention to enhance nutrition and physical activity behaviors and subsequently weight management success in female university freshman over one academic year. We hypothesize that freshmen randomized to the intervention group will be more successful in losing or maintaining weight than the control group through a combination of diet and physical activity strategies.

Primary Aim 2: To examine the role played by social cognitive factors in changing nutrition and physical activity behaviors across one academic year. We hypothesize that self-efficacy will have both a direct influence on behavior and an indirect effect through its influence on self-regulatory skills and outcome expectations.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention




PEER group intervention


University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
United States


Active, not recruiting


University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:52-0400

Clinical Trials [2314 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Peer-enhanced Intervention to Support Teen Weight Loss

The purpose of this study is to determine whether adding a peer-based intervention based on an outward bound model is more effective than a standard behavioral weight intervention for help...

Peer-mentored Cooking Classes for Parents of Toddlers: Do Families Cook More and Eat Healthier After the Intervention?

This study aims to test the effectiveness of a community-located, peer mentored intervention to improve home food preparation practices in families with young children.

Success in Health: Impacting Families Together

This study evaluates and compares the efficacy of professional versus peer-based delivery of family-based treatment for childhood overweight and obesity in elementary school aged children....

Community-Based Peer Facilitator Intervention

The goal of this community randomized operations research study was to evaluate the effect of a peer-facilitated community support group intervention on uptake of maternal and neonatal chi...

Clinical Trial to Evaluate One-to-one Peer Mentoring

The research will examine the effects of enhanced peer mentor interactions on facilitating a successful transition to community living following traumatic spinal cord injury. Participants ...

PubMed Articles [13267 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Peer counselling improves breastfeeding practices: A cluster randomized controlled trial in urban Bangladesh.

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of peer counselling on early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates for mother-infant pairs living in urban slums, Dhaka, Ba...

Peer-support intervention for postpartum depression: Participant satisfaction and program effectiveness.

Postpartum mood disorders represent a serious problem affecting 10-20% of women and support groups offer a promising intervention modality. The current study examined participant satisfaction with and...

Peer Support and the HIV Continuum of Care: Results from a Multi-Site Randomized Clinical Trial in Three Urban Clinics in the United States.

Racial/ethnic minorities living with HIV and behavioral health co-morbidities are more likely to be disengaged from HIV primary care. Peer programs have been effective in HIV outreach and prevention b...

Taking a step back: Self-distancing dynamics in adolescent writing about peer problems.

Can the retelling of an unpleasant experience help adolescents cope with that experience? This study answers that question by looking at the role of psychological self-distancing when adolescents writ...

Using Peer-Mediated LEGO® Play Intervention to Improve Social Interactions for Chinese Children with Autism in an Inclusive Setting.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a peer-mediated LEGO® play intervention on improving social skills for children with ASD in an inclusive preschool in China. Three boys with AS...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The effect or sway that a PEER GROUP exerts on the beliefs, value systems and behavior of each member of a group. The social expectations for individuals to conform to peer group influence is known as peer pressure.

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.

More From BioPortfolio on "Peer Education, Exercising and Eating Right - Obesity Prevention in Freshmen Women"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...

Searches Linking to this Trial