Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The purpose of this study is to generate further insight into the role and effectiveness of the amide local anesthetic lidocaine as an adjuvant postoperative analgesic after adult spine surgery. The effect of perioperative intravenous lidocaine infusion on postoperative rehabilitation and the inflammatory response will also be examined.
Inadequate pain control after spine surgery in adults can result in increased patient morbidity and length of hospital stay, whereas improved postoperative pain control has been demonstrated to have numerous physiologic benefits and to reduce postoperative complications. When administered systemically, the amide local anesthetic lidocaine has potent anti-inflammatory properties, including inhibition of the arachidonic acid cascade and production of eicosanoids and prostaglandins. Previous studies have confirmed that the continuous intravenous administration of lidocaine during and after abdominal surgery in adults improves patient rehabilitation (specifically, pain intensity, duration of ileus, incidence of nausea and vomiting), and shortens hospital stay. The beneficial anti-inflammatory properties versus untoward side effects of the local anesthetics appear superior to steroids and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Moreover, concern and controversy exists regarding the adverse effects of NSAIDs on bone healing, particularly in adults undergoing spine surgery.
No study to date has investigated the efficacy of a continuous perioperative lidocaine infusion in the adult spine surgery population. Therefore, in this prospective, randomized, controlled trial, we will evaluate the analgesic efficacy, anti-inflammatory properties, and rehabilitation pattern with a continuous, perioperative intravenous infusion of lidocaine versus a normal saline placebo in adult patients undergoing a decompressive lumbar laminectomy for spinal canal stenosis. Subjects enrolled in this study will receive a standardized general anesthetic that is consistent with our present clinical practice. The study participants will be randomized to receive both a perioperative bolus (2 mg/kg) and subsequent intravenous infusion (3 mg/kg/hr) of the amide local anesthetic lidocaine or a normal saline placebo at an equal volume per hour. The study infusion will be continued for 90 minutes after surgery. All patients will receive ample and adequate intravenous doses of an opioid (morphine sulfate) to reduce their pain intensity to acceptable levels. Pain intensity, opioid requirements, opioid-related side effects, and both the immediate and sustained rehabilitation pattern will be assessed. In addition to plasma lidocaine levels in the active drug group, plasma C-reactive protein, cortisol, and cytokine levels (e.g., IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α) will be obtained at a series of perioperative time points in all study patients. Postoperative cytokine levels will also be measured in the surgical drainage fluid.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lidocaine Hydrochoride Injection, without epinephrine, Normal Saline, Normal Saline
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Not yet recruiting
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:53-0400
This is a randomized, double-blinded, double placebo-controlled trial. Patients undergoing saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS) will be recruited and randomized into three groups to rec...
To measure and compare pain associated with venipuncture and peripheral intravenous catheter insertion among pediatric emergency department patients randomized to treatment with one of thr...
Study question: Is there an ideal combination of intraoperative long acting analgesics (periarticular infiltration (PI), femoral nerve block (FB) and intrathecal opioids (IO)) to optimize ...
The investigators reasoned that a hypertonic saline concentration higher than 3% could be safe and more efficacious in the treatment of bronchiolitis, alleviating severe symptoms and preve...
This study assesses the benefits of continuous intravenous lidocaine administration during sedation for colonoscopy. Sedation will consist of propofol infusion titrated to provide adequat...
To investigate the effects of the intracameral injection of epinephrine and two doses of 2% lidocaine on pupil diameter (PD), intraocular pressure (IOP), heart rate (HR), and mean arterial pressure (M...
To compare the cellular changes of harvested arteries which were preserved in normal saline (NS) and the standard and routinely used university of Wisconsin (UW) solution.
Administration of epinephrine should be intramuscularly in the anterolateral aspect of the thigh. The length of the epinephrine autoinjector, EAI, needle should assure intramuscular injection.
The aims of this study were to describe the use of Ringer's lactate (LR) or normal saline (NS) for resuscitation among children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and compare the effect of fluid type on...
Lidocaine infused at 1-4 mg/min is an appropriate treatment modality for hemodynamically stable ventricular tachycardia (VT) with normal hepatic function. A case of acute lidocaine toxicity in the se...
Normal cellular isoform of prion proteins (PRIONS) encoded by a chromosomal gene and found in normal and scrapie-infected brain tissue, and other normal tissue. PrPC are protease-sensitive proteins whose function is unknown. Posttranslational modification of PrPC into PrPSC leads to infectivity.
Intradermal injection of a heated (pasteurized) saline suspension of sarcoid tissue obtained from a sarcoid spleen or lymph node. In patients with active sarcoidosis a dusky red nodule develops slowly over the next few weeks at the injection site. Histologic examination, an essential part of the complete test, reveals sarcoid tissue.
A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.
A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.
A racemic mixture of d-epinephrine and l-epinephrine.
Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...