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The purpose of this study is to determine whether low-doses alemtuzumab and rituximab combination are effective in the treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after first-line therapy failure.
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the most common long-term complication in patients who underwent allogeneic transplantation. First-line therapy for chronic GVHD is based on immunosuppressive agents (usually cyclosporine and corticosteroids) achieving satisfactory response in around 30% of patients. There is no ideal second-line treatment for chronic GVHD; however, numerous studies have been published with therapeutic options such as alemtuzumab (anti-CD52) and rituximab (anti-CD20).
This is a prospective, longitudinal, nonrandomized study in which alemtuzumab and rituximab will be administered at low-doses to patients with refractory chronic GVHD. Clinical response will be evaluated based on the Working Group Report 2006, published by the National Institute of Health Consensus. Follow-up sessions will be weekly for four weeks, every two weeks until achieve response, and finally every four weeks.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Graft vs Host Disease
Alemtuzumab and Rituximab combination
Hematology Department of Hospital Universitario Dr Jose E Gonzalez
Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:54-0400
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is one of the common complications after stem cell transplant. This is a complication, which happens when the new stem cells from the donor attack other ce...
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Introduction Alemtuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that targets for the destruction CD52+ cells, particularly B and T cells. Alemtuzumab is approved in more than 50 countries around the world for the t...
An immunological attack mounted by a graft against the host because of tissue incompatibility when immunologically competent cells are transplanted to an immunologically incompetent host; the resulting clinical picture is that of GRAFT VS HOST DISEASE.
The clinical entity characterized by anorexia, diarrhea, loss of hair, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, growth retardation, and eventual death brought about by the GRAFT VS HOST REACTION.
The immune responses of a host to a graft. A specific response is GRAFT REJECTION.
The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.
Manipulation of the host's immune system in treatment of disease. It includes both active and passive immunization as well as immunosuppressive therapy to prevent graft rejection.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...