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Pulse pressure variation (PPV) known as a dynamic preload index is increasingly being used for guide of fluid management under various clinical situations. We hypothesized that PPV could play a role as a predictor of fluid responsiveness during displacement of the heart in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB).
The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of PPV to predict fluid responsiveness during displacement of the heart in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. After anesthesia, we will measure mean arterial pressure, heart rate, central venous pressure, mean pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary arterial occlusion pressure, mixed venous oxygen saturation, PPV and cardiac index in patients receiving elective OPCAB. All parameters will be recorded at 5 minutes after the left anterior descending artery anastomosis, immediately after the displacement of the heart for the left circumflex artery anastomosis, and 10 minutes after fluid loading with hydroxyethyl starch 6%(10 mL/kg). Patients whose cardiac index increased by >15% to fluid loading will be defined as responders. To test the abilities of central venous pressure, pulmonary artery occlusion pressure and PPV to predict fluid responsiveness during heart displacement, areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves of the responders will be calculated and compared.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Ischemic Heart Disease
Seoul National University Hospital
Korea, Republic of
Not yet recruiting
Seoul National University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:57-0400
The purpose of this study is to design and evaluate targeted implementation strategies to fully integrate the VHA clinical practice guidelines for ischemic heart disease into VHA clinical ...
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This study evaluates the nitric oxide and arginase levels in patients with dental implants. Peri-implant sulcular fluid and saliva samples were collected after loading of the implants
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Magnetocardiography (MCG) is a non-invasive technique used to measure and map cardiac magnetic fields. We describe the predictive performance of a portable prototype magnetometer designed for use in a...
Sudden Cardiac Death in Women With Suspected Ischemic Heart Disease, Preserved Ejection Fraction, and No Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease: A Report From the Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation Study.
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Purpose We aimed to predict individual risk of ischemic heart disease and stroke in 5-year survivors of childhood cancer. Patients and Methods Participants in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS...
A vasodilator used in angina of effort or ischemic heart disease.
Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.
Cardiac manifestation of systemic rheumatological conditions, such as RHEUMATIC FEVER. Rheumatic heart disease can involve any part the heart, most often the HEART VALVES and the ENDOCARDIUM.
Increased intracellular or extracellular fluid in brain tissue. Cytotoxic brain edema (swelling due to increased intracellular fluid) is indicative of a disturbance in cell metabolism, and is commonly associated with hypoxic or ischemic injuries (see HYPOXIA, BRAIN). An increase in extracellular fluid may be caused by increased brain capillary permeability (vasogenic edema), an osmotic gradient, local blockages in interstitial fluid pathways, or by obstruction of CSF flow (e.g., obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS). (From Childs Nerv Syst 1992 Sep; 8(6):301-6)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
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