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Fall Risk Assessment in People With Diabetic Neuropathy

2014-08-27 03:16:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Fall risk is increased in people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and yet, minimal research has been conducted to identify appropriate fall risk assessment tools and improve our understanding of falls in these individuals. Purpose: The primary purpose of this study is to establish a foundation of knowledge needed to address falls in people with DPN. This will be accomplished through 1) comparing the validity of 4 fall risk assessment tools, 2) identifying risk factors for falls and 3) determining how quality of life is influenced by factors related to falls in people with DPN.

Description

All subjects participate in testing that involves questionnaires, cognitive testing, fall risk assessment, and other testing related to physical parameters including body mass index, glycosylated hemoglobin, lower extremity nerve conduction study, and ankle range of motion, proprioception and strength. After testing, subjects are interviewed to determine fall status (faller or non-faller). A "faller" is defined as someone that has fallen at least 2 times in the past year. Data Analysis: The validity of the fall risk assessment tools will be compared using sensitivity and specificity analyses. Variables related to ankle function, neuropathy, glycemic control and general activity will be analyzed for association with recent fall history through multivariable logistic regression. Variables related to falls, neuropathy and activity level will be analyzed for association with health-related quality of life through multivariable linear regression.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

Location

University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City
Kansas
United States
66160

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Kansas

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)

Common foot problems in persons with DIABETES MELLITUS, caused by any combination of factors such as DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES; PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES; and INFECTION. With the loss of sensation and poor circulation, injuries and infections often lead to severe foot ulceration, GANGRENE and AMPUTATION.

Nervous system infections caused by tick-borne spirochetes of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP. The disease may affect elements of the central or peripheral nervous system in isolation or in combination. Common clinical manifestations include a lymphocytic meningitis, cranial neuropathy (most often a facial neuropathy), POLYRADICULOPATHY, and a mild loss of memory and other cognitive functions. Less often more extensive inflammation involving the central nervous system (encephalomyelitis) may occur. In the peripheral nervous system, B. burgdorferi infection is associated with mononeuritis multiplex and polyradiculoneuritis. (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):182-91)

Disorder of the peripheral nerves that primarily impair small nerve fibers. The affected small nerve fibers include myelinated A-delta fibers (see A FIBERS) and unmyelinated C FIBERS. Because these small fibers innervate skin and help control autonomic function, their neuropathy presents with neuropathic pain, reduced thermal and pain sensitivity, and autonomic dysfunction (e.g. abnormal sweating or facial flushing). Small fiber neuropathy can be idiopathic or associated with underlying diseases (e.g., AMYLOIDOSIS; DIABETES MELLITUS; SARCOIDOSIS; or VASCULITIS).

A diffuse or multifocal peripheral neuropathy related to the remote effects of a neoplasm, most often carcinoma or lymphoma. Pathologically, there are inflammatory changes in peripheral nerves. The most common clinical presentation is a symmetric distal mixed sensorimotor polyneuropathy. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1334)

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