Advertisement

Topics

The Effect of a Diet- and Exercise- Related Weight Control Intervention Program on Obesity in Adult Aged 40 and Over

2014-08-27 03:16:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess study subjects' adherence to different weight control intervention programs and the effect of intervention programs on physical and biochemical examinations, physical fitness, food intake and exercise behaviors and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components' abnormalities.

Description

Obesity and metabolic syndrome increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Besides, they prevail around the world and certainly become the most important health problems globally. Dietary intake and exercise are regarded as the first line approach to reduce the occurrence of obesity and metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this study is to assess study subjects' adherence to different weight control intervention programs and the effect of intervention programs on physical and biochemical examinations, physical fitness, food intake and exercise behaviors and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components' abnormalities.

This is a two-year project. In the first year, we estimated the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome and explored their relationship with dietary intake and exercise status using the cross-sectional framework in subjects aged 40 years and over from Taichung Community Health Study. Then, we conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of three types of weight control educational intervention programs. Obese subjects were randomly allocated into "individualized health education group", "fellowship health education group" and "mail-delivered health education group". The sample size for these three groups was 79, 81, 80, respectively. All subjects received one of three 6-month interventions and were followed up for 1 year and were assessed at 6-month interval.

This study adopted the criteria of WHO for Asia area and the Department of Health (DOH), Executive Yuan, Taiwan to define the obesity. The prevalence of obesity for WHO definition modified for Asians and DOH among Taichung residents aged forty years old and over is 37.34% and 18.79%, respectively. For the effectiveness of weight control educational programs, after 6-month intervention, reductions in weight, BMI, waist, hip, arm, and bad diet habit were observed in all groups. And after 6-month intervention, reductions in BMI is significantly greater in the individualized and fellowship weight control groups than in the "health education group". After 6-month educational intervention, metabolic syndrome in the individualized and fellowship health education groups decreased from 78.48% and 72.84% to 60.76% and 61.73%, respectively, which corresponded to reductions of 17.72% and 11.11% of baseline metabolic syndrome.

Our study's findings indicate that individualized and fellowship health education groups modify food intake and exercise behaviors, and further reduce body composition, level of biomarkers and prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components abnormalities.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Health Services Research

Conditions

Metabolic Syndrome

Intervention

Individualized education, Grouped education

Location

Department of Famility Medicine,China Medical University Hospital
Taichung
Taiwan

Status

Completed

Source

China Medical University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:16:59-0400

Clinical Trials [3826 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Nutrition and Exercise Study to Understand Metabolic Syndrome

The purpose of this study is to measure the metabolic and behavioral effects of a 12-week yoga program coupled to health education (HED) compared to HED alone.

Metabolic Syndrome Diagnosis and Education Trial

This study is being done to gain knowledge on how effective different approaches of providing a diagnosis and varying educational tools that include DVDs and multimedia or printed instruct...

Walnut Intervention on Metabolic Syndrome (WIMS)

The purpose of this study is to determine whether a daily supplement of 30 grams of walnut is effective in the treatment of metabolic syndrome (MetS).

Regional Observation of the Metabolic Syndrome

The aim of the study, is to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Italy on a regional basis, defined according to National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III ...

Effectiveness of an Individualized Symptom Education Program (ISEP)

The purpose of this study is to examine whether an Individualized Symptom Education Program (ISEP) is helpful to women to manage their symptoms when they are receiving radiation therapy fo...

PubMed Articles [11972 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Virtual Interprofessional Learning.

Interprofessional education is a challenge given the current constraints of clinical education, which is bound by space, location, off-campus clinical rotations, and conflicting academic schedules. Ne...

HIV Education: Reflections on the Past, Priorities for the Future.

From early in the epidemic, education has been central to HIV prevention, treatment, and care. This paper reflects on lessons learned over the last 30 years. It signals the limits of high level intern...

Nursing education in Poland - The past and new development perspectives.

Professional nursing education in Poland began in 1911 in Kraków. Since then, the nursing education system has continued to change. From the establishment of the first professional nursing school, Po...

Character: We Are All Works in Progress.

As more is learned about the brain as it relates to learning science, educators have more information about the inputs that make significant differences in student achievement. Although much of what h...

Improving the Documentation Process for Referrals into Diabetes Education: A Quality Improvement Project.

The purpose of this project was to standardize the referral and documentation process for diabetes education in patients with type 2 diabetes. The goal was to refer all eligible patients with type 2 d...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Education for specific trades or occupations.

Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.

Education and training outside of that for the professions.

More From BioPortfolio on "The Effect of a Diet- and Exercise- Related Weight Control Intervention Program on Obesity in Adult Aged 40 and Over"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Cardiology
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...


Searches Linking to this Trial