Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Regular wound healing follows a well-ordered sequence of overlapping phases: inflammation, proliferation, maturation and remodelling.
In the young, damage to an organ mostly triggers fully regenerative mechanisms called "primary" wound healing. Repeated damage in young individuals may cause "secondary" wound healing eg. scar formation reflecting a rescue program, in which reorganisation has failed.
Organ failure in the ageing organism is characterized by a progressive loss of its capability to achieve an orderly reactivation of organ repair, and results in a combination of chronic inflammation and fibroproliferative, non-regenerative repair affecting several organs, including lung, liver and skin.
RESOLVE's objective is to identify, characterize, and validate molecular targets responsible for shifting primary organ repair towards fibroproliferative wound healing as a result of an age-dependent loss of regulatory control.
The structured approach is based on
- different forms of wound healing,
- different human diseases and
- different genetic backgrounds,
aiming to provide future diagnostic tools in various organs, to create transgenic animal test systems, and to identify molecular targets involved in fibroproliferative wound healing.
Cutaneous scars are frequently encountered conditions. The process of wound repair, however, is complicated, and various factors contribute to different types of scarring (eg. hypertrophic, atrophic).
WP 2.1: Regular skin repair
In elective plastic surgery most excised operative skin specimens are usually discarded, and represent an excellent opportunity of harvesting skin biopsies without additional invasive measures. This work package analyzes skin samples of individuals after elective plastic surgery with normal wound healing serving as control group.
WP 2.2: Skin repair with and without hypertrophic scar formation
A classic example of fibroproliferative repair in the skin is hypertrophic scarring classified as a dermal skin lesion, which is raised above skin level, stays within the confines of the initial wound and increases in size by pushing out the margins of the scar without invading the surrounding normal tissue.
Hypertrophic scarring is a condition commonly observed after burns and in regions of prolonged wound healing (>21 days). The underlying pathology of hypertrophic scarring, however, is poorly understood. Hypertrophic scars can be managed conservatively, and only require surgical intervention under special circumstances.
This work package analyzes the clinical and molecular response to a standard treatment regimen in skin regions with and without hypertrophic scars after skin injuries.
WP 2.4: Wound healing in normal and diabetic individuals
Diabetes mellitus is a known factor to cause impaired wound healing. Due to microangiopathic, macroangiopathic and other conditions resulting from atherosclerosis and peripheral neuropathy wound healing in diabetic individuals is usually delayed (hypotrophic, atrophic) and often complicated by immunosuppression and superinfections. The rising prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the elderly population makes it necessary to understand its related processes in relevant clinical wound models.
Split-thickness skin-grafting is a commonly applied technique in plastic surgery, and donor sites of previously uninjured skin regions spontaneously heal within two weeks, representing an ideal condition to monitor clinical and molecular changes in diseased vs. non-diseased states.
This work package analyzes skin repair in donor sites of split-thickness skin grafts in non-diabetic and diabetic individuals.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Skin sample, Skin biopsy, Skin biopsy, Blood taking, Blood taking
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna
Medical University of Vienna
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:16-0400
Natural Killer (NK) cells play a unique role during innate immune responses as they are able to recognize and eliminate, without specific sensitization, tumors, microbe-infected cells as w...
This study investigates new non-invasive imaging techniques for the evaluation of skin lesions, as well as normal skin. Our primary goal is to collect and study these images of different s...
Atopic dermatitis is a skin disorder with an itchy, red skin rash. This may be because certain proteins are increased in the skin of AD patients. The increased expression of these proteins...
Atopic dermatitis and psoriasis are two skin diseases often associated with bacterial infections and inflammation. Studies indicate that skin cells from these patients may have some change...
This study will explore the growth of dermal neurofibromas (skin tumors) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Investigators will try to learn: 1) how fast (or slow) these benig...
To give an overview of recent data on the use of nerve and skin biopsy as a diagnostic tool in neuropathies.
To determine whether there are gender differences in the clinical presentation or skin biopsy measures of nerve fiber density in patients with small fiber neuropathy (SFN).
Recently, treatment with acaricides, which is aimed at reducing excessive proliferation of demodex mites, has gained popularity due to its providing a significant improvement in the symptoms of diseas...
A new skin protectant with improved adhesion to denuded skin and resistance to wash off has been developed to protect skin from incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) or general loss of skin integri...
Dry skin is a frequent and multifaceted condition which can be associated with skin irritation, itch, patient discomfort and manifest skin disease. In spite of being frequent, little is known about th...
Conducting a biopsy procedure with the aid of a MEDICAL IMAGING modality.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
The grafting of skin in humans or animals from one site to another to replace a lost portion of the body surface skin.
Skin lumpiness or skin surface dimpling often seen on the thighs, buttocks and abdomen. It is due to protrusion of SUBCUTANEOUS FAT into the DERMIS layer of skin.
Maintenance of the hygienic state of the skin under optimal conditions of cleanliness and comfort. Effective in skin care are proper washing, bathing, cleansing, and the use of soaps, detergents, oils, etc. In various disease states, therapeutic and protective solutions and ointments are useful. The care of the skin is particularly important in various occupations, in exposure to sunlight, in neonates, and in PRESSURE ULCER.
Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...