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Analysis of Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Acute Dialysis Therapy at Intensive Care Units

2014-08-27 03:17:00 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Acute kidney injury is more frequent and the mortality rate would be as high as 50-60% when the renal replacement therapy was needed. Many studies about the timing of start and discontinuation of dialysis, dialysis dose, dialyzer, anticoagulation and dialysates were initiated but the results were still controversial. In addition, more new biomarkers were found to predict the outcome of acute kidney injury and these biomarkers may play an important role for the dilemma of aforementioned studies.

This observational prospective study has two objectives:

1. To find the predictors of outcome for the acute kidney injury with renal replacement therapy and determine the appropriate method.

2. To find the relationship between new biomarkers and acute kidney injury and determine whether it can be a factor for the monitor of the response of the renal replacement therapy.

Description

Background:

Acute kidney injury is more frequent than before and the incidence rate was about 35-50% in hospital. The mortality rate would be as high as 50-60% when the renal replacement therapy was needed. Many studies about the timing of start and discontinuation of dialysis, dialysis dose, dialyzer, anticoagulation and dialysates were initiated but the results were still controversial. In addition, more new biomarkers were found to predict the outcome of acute kidney injury and these biomarkers may play an important role for the dilemma of aforementioned studies

Objectives:

1. To find the predictors of outcome for the acute kidney injury with renal replacement therapy and determine the appropriate method of renal replacement therapy for acute kidney injury

2. To find the relationship between new biomarkers and acute kidney injury and determine whether it can be a factor for the monitor of the response of the renal replacement therapy.

Methods:

1. Study duration: 2010/01/01 to 2011/6/30

2. Patient eligibility : over 18 years-old and admitted to medical intensive care units of National Taiwan University Hospital

3. A prospective study to collect the parameters including underlying diseases, vital signs, biochemistry data, urine output, disease severity scores, dialysis timing, dialysis dose, dialyzer, anticoagulation agents

4. Collect serum and urine sample for biomarkers if patient agree

Statistics:

Normally distributed variables are expressed as means ± SDs. Statistical significance is set at P<0.05. All statistical analyses are performed with SAS statistical software. Comparisons between two groups are assessed with the student's unpaired t test and Mann-Whitney test. Differences between more than two groups are analyzed by ANOVA (ANOVA) using one-way ANOVA. Survival analyses are made with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the Cox proportional hazard model.

Keywords : acute kidney injury, renal replacement therapy, biomarkers

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Acute Kidney Injury

Location

National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei
Taiwan
10002

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Taiwan University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:00-0400

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A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A rare but serious transfusion-related reaction in which fluid builds up in the lungs unrelated to excessively high infusion rate and/or volume (TRANSFUSION-ASSOCIATED CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD). Signs of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury include pulmonary secretions; hypotension; fever; DYSPNEA; TACHYPNEA; TACHYCARDIA; and CYANOSIS.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

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